H.R.4954 - Internet Gambling bill
To improve maritime and cargo security through enhanced layered defenses, and for other purposes. view all titles (6)
All Bill Titles
- Popular: Internet Gambling bill.
- Popular: Port Security bill.
- Short: SAFE Port Act as introduced.
- Short: Security and Accountability For Every Port Act as introduced.
- Short: Security and Accountability For Every Port Act or the SAFE Port Act as passed house.
- Official: To improve maritime and cargo security through enhanced layered defenses, and for other purposes. as introduced.
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Official Summary5/4/2006--Passed House, amended. (There is 1 other summary)Security and Accountability For Every Port Act or the SAFE Port Act - Title I: Security of United States Seaports - Subtitle A: General Provisions - (Sec. 101) Amends federal shipping law to revise the definition of a "tra
5/4/2006--Passed House, amended. (There is 1 other summary)
Security and Accountability For Every Port Act or the SAFE Port Act - Title I: Security of United States Seaports - Subtitle A: General Provisions -
(Sec. 101)Amends federal shipping law to revise the definition of a "transportation security incident" to exclude from such definition non-terrorist acts that are committed during a labor strike, demonstration, or other type of labor unrest.
(Sec. 102)Directs the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary) to develop protocols for the resumption of trade in the event of a transportation security incident that necessitates the suspension of trade.
(Sec. 103)Revises maritime facility security plan requirements to require such plan to be resubmitted to the Secretary for approval upon each change in the ownership or operator of the facility that may substantially affect the security of the facility. Requires an individual qualified to implement security actions for a maritime facility that the Secretary believes may be involved in a transportation security incident (other than a Department of Defense facility) to be a U.S. citizen. Permits the waiver of such requirement if there is a complete background check of the individual and such individual is not identified on any terrorist watchlists.
Requires maritime facility security plans to include, among other things, provisions for controlling access by individuals engaged in the surface transportation of intermodal containers in or out of a port facility.
(Sec. 104)Requires the Secretary to verify, at least twice annually, the effectiveness of a maritime facility security plan, with at least one of the inspections to be unannounced.
(Sec. 105)Requires the phased-in issuance of biometric transportation security cards to individuals with access to secure areas of seaport facilities, starting with the first 25 facilities on the facility vulnerability assessment list.
Requires the Secretary to:
(1) compare each individual with unescorted access to a secure area of a seaport facility against terrorist watch lists to determine if the individual poses a threat; and
(2) determine whether such individual may denied admission to, or removed from, the United States. Requires the Secretary to report to Congress on individuals found to be on the terrorist watchlist or unlawfully present in the United States and actions taken.
(Sec. 107)Directs the Secretary, no later than May 15, 2007, to require crewmembers on vessels that call on U.S. ports to carry and present on demand any identification the Secretary decides is necessary.
(Sec. 108)Requires the Secretary to issue regulations that establish and implement a long-range vessel tracking system by not later than April 1, 2007.
(Sec. 109)Establishes an integrated network of maritime security command centers at U.S. seaports and maritime regions to facilitate federal and state incident management and response to transportation security incidents. Authorizes appropriations for FY2007-FY2012.
Subtitle B: Grant and Training Programs -
(Sec. 111)Amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to establish a port security grant program to allocate federal assistance to U.S. seaports based on an assessment of risk and need. Sets forth grant requirements. Authorizes appropriations for FY2007-FY2012.
(Sec. 112)Establishes a Port Security Training Program and a Port Security Exercise Program to provide training to, and test and evaluate the capabilities of, federal, state, and local government officials, commercial seaport personnel and management, emergency response providers, populations of at-risk neighborhoods around seaports, and others to prevent and respond to threatened or actual acts of terrorism, natural disasters, and other emergencies at commercial seaports. Directs the Secretary to:
(1) develop and promulgate national voluntary consensus standards for port security training under the Port Security Training Program; and
(2) ensure that the Port Security Exercise Program consolidates all Department of Homeland Security (DHS) port security exercise programs, conducts periodic port security exercises at commercial seaports, and assists state and local governments and commercial seaports in designing, implementing, and evaluating such exercises.
Requires maritime vessel and facility security plans to provide, among other things, a strategy and timeline for conducting training and periodic unannounced drillsfor persons on a vessel or at a facility to deter a transportation security incident or a substantial threat of such incident.
Subtitle C: Miscellaneous Provisions -
(Sec. 121)Directs the Secretary to increase, by not less than 200, the number of positions for full-time active duty DHS port of entry inspection officers for FY2007-FY2012. Authorizes appropriations for FY2007-FY2012.
(Sec. 123)Directs the Secretary to establish at least one Border Patrol unit for the U.S. Virgin Islands.
(Sec. 124)Directs the Secretary to report to Congress on ownership and operation of U.S. seaports.
(Sec. 125)Directs the Secretary to conduct a study, and report to Congress on, the adequacy of security operations at the 10 U.S. seaports that load and unload the largest amount of containers.
(Sec. 126)Directs the Secretary to report to Congress on the impact of implementing certain requirements under the Immigration and Nationality Act (relating to providing U.S. border officers with arrival and departure manifests) with respect to commercial vessels that are less than 300 gross tons that operate exclusively between the territorial waters of the U.S. Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.
(Sec. 127)Directs the Secretary to establish a university-based Center for Excellence for Maritime Domain Awareness. Requires the Center to, among other things:
(1) prioritize its activities based on the "National Plan to Improve Maritime Domain Awareness" published by the DHS in October 2005; and
(2) provide educational, technical, and analytical assistance to federal agencies with responsibilities for maritime domain awareness (including the Coast Guard).
(Sec. 128)Directs the Secretary to conduct a study, and report to Congress on, challenges to balancing the need for greater security while maintaining the efficient flow of trade at U.S. land ports.
Title II: Security of the International Supply Chain -
(Sec. 201)Directs the Secretary to develop and implement:
(1) a strategic plan to enhance the security of the international supply chain; and
(2) a plan for improving the Automated Targeting System for identifying high-risk containers moving through such supply chain. Authorizes appropriations for FY2007-FY2012.
Directs the Secretary to establish minimum standards and verification procedures for securing containers in transit to the United States. Requires all containers bound for U.S. ports to meet such standards and procedures not later than two years after the establishment of such standards. Urges the Secretary to promote and establish international standards for the security of containers moving through the international supply chain.
Authorizes the Secretary to establish and implement the Container Security Initiative (CSI) to identify and examine maritime containers that pose a risk for terrorism at foreign ports before they are shipped to the United States. Requires the Secretary to conduct an assessment, and notify Congress, before designating a foreign port under CSI. Requires the Secretary to report annually to Congress on the status of CSI. Authorizes appropriations for FY2007-FY2012.
Directs the Secretary to develop a secure electronic data interchange system to collect from and share appropriate risk information related to securing the supply chain with private sector entities.
Authorizes the Secretary to establish the voluntary Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) to strengthen and improve the overall security of the international supply chain and U.S. border security. Makes importers, brokers, forwarders, carriers, and other entities in the international supply chain and intermodal transportation system meeting specified minimum requirements eligible for partnerships with the Department of Homeland Security under C-TPAT. Establishes three tiers of benefits for C-TPAT participants, with limited benefits provided to tier one participants and the most benefits provided to tier three participants. Outlines benefits. Authorizes the Secretary to consider participation of importers of non-containerized cargoes in C-TPAT. Authorizes appropriations for FY2007-2012.
Directs the Secretary to:
(1) direct research, development, test, and evaluation efforts in furtherance of maritime and cargo security, encourage the ingenuity of the private sector in developing and testing technologies and process innovations, and evaluate such technologies; and
(2) avoid the duplification of such efforts funded by DHS and share the results of such efforts with other federal, state, and local agencies.
Directs the Secretary to provide grants (as part of Operation Safe Commerce) to:
(1) integrate nonintrusive imaging inspection and nuclear and radiological detection systems for containers, vessels, and vehicles; and
(2) establish demonstration projects that further the security of the international supply chain, including refrigerated containers and noncontainerized cargo, through realtime, continuous tracking technology for special or high-risk container cargo that poses unusual potential for human or environmental harm. Requires the Secretary to report annually to Congress on the results of Operation Safe Commerce. Authorizes appropriations for FY2007-FY2012.
(Sec. 202)Directs the Secretary, while maintaining the current layered, risk-based screening, scanning, and inspecting cargo at foreign ports bound for the United States in accordance with existing statutory provisions, to evaluate the development of nuclear and radiological detection systems and other inspection technologies for use at foreign seaports to increase the volume of containers scanned prior to loading on vessels bound for the United States. Authorizes the Secretary to refuse to accept containerized cargo from foreign ports that do not cooperate in the deployment of such proposed systems and technologies.
(Sec. 203)Directs the President to establish and implement the International Trade Data System to increase the efficiency and security of import and export information collected and disseminated with respect to border security, trade, and public health and safety of international cargoes.
(Sec. 204)Directs the Secretary to reassess the effectiveness of antiterrorism measures of foreign ports served by U.S. vessels, or from which foreign vessels depart for the United States, and any foreign port believed to be a security risk to international maritime commerce and of certain security procedures not less than every three years.
(Sec. 205)Directs the Secretary to conduct a one-year pilot program to evaluate and improve the security of empty containers at U.S. seaports, to ensure the safe and secure delivery of cargo, and to prevent potential acts of terrorism involving such containers.
(Sec. 206)Directs the Secretary to conduct a study, and report to Congress on, the merits of current container inspection pilot programs which include nuclear or radiological detection, non-intrusive imagery, and density scanning capabilities.
(Sec. 207)Directs the Secretary to conduct a study assessing the activities of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection's National Targeting Center and report the results and recommendations to Congress.
(Sec. 208)Directs the Secretary to conduct a pilot project at an overseas port similar to the Integrated Container Inspection System being tested at the port in Hong Kong.
Title III: Directorate for Policy, Planning, and International Affairs -
(1) in DHS a Directorate for Policy, Planning, and International Affairs (Directorate), headed by the Under Secretary for Policy, who shall be appointed by the President; and
(2) within the Directorate, an Office of International Affairs, headed by an Assistant Secretary, who shall be appointed by the President. Establishes other offices, including the Office of Policy, the Office of Strategic Plans, and the Office of the Private Sector. Provides for a Director of Cargo Security Policy and a Director of Trade Policy. Directs the Secretary and the Under Secretary for Policy to consult with representatives of the international trade business community, including seeking the advice and recommendations of the Commercial Operations Advisory Committee, on DHS policies and actions that have a significant impact on international trade and customs revenue functions.
(Sec. 302)Directs the Comptroller General to conduct a study, and report to Congress on, the extent to which the DHS is meeting its obligations with respect to the maintenance of customs revenue functions.
Title IV: Office of Domestic Nuclear Detection -
(Sec. 401)Establishes in DHS a Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, headed by a Director of Domestic Nuclear Detection, who shall be appointed by the President. Declares that the purpose of the Office is to protect against the unauthorized importation, possession, storage, transportation, development, or use of a nuclear explosive device, fissile material, or radiological material against the United States.
Requires the Director to:
(1) administer all nuclear and radiological detection and prevention functions of DHS;
(2) coordinate such administration with nuclear and radiological detection and prevention activities of other federal agencies;
(3) coordinate the federal government's implementation of a global nuclear detection architecture;
(4) carry out a research and development program to achieve improvements in detection capabilities for shielded and unshielded nuclear explosive devices and radiological dispersion devices;
(5) carry out a program to test and evaluate technology for detecting nuclear explosive devices and fissile or radiological material;
(6) develop and, subject to the availability of appropriations, execute a strategy for the acquisition and deployment of detection systems in order to implement DHS components of the global nuclear detection architecture;
(7) continuously monitor detection information received from foreign and domestic detection systems to maintain a situational awareness of all nuclear threats;
(8) perform all DHS research, development, and acquisition activities pertaining to forensic analysis and attribution of nuclear and radiological attacks; and
(9) utilize classified and unclassified nuclear and radiological threat assessments in designing the global nuclear detection architecture.
Sets forth certain reporting requirements.
Establishes within the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office an Advisory Council on Nuclear Detection.
Directs the President to establish an interagency coordination council to facilitate interagency cooperation in implementing this title.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2007 and each subsequent fiscal year.
(Sec. 402)Requires the Secretary to:
(1) deploy nuclear and radiological detection systems at 22 U.S. seaports not later than September 30, 2007; and
(2) submit to Congress a strategy for the deployment of such systems at all remaining U.S. seaports and a plan that details the health and safety impacts of such systems.
Directs the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office of DHS, to initiate a pilot program to:
(1) deploy and test the operational performance of next-generation radiation portal monitors at one or more U.S. seaports with a high-volume of containerized cargo; and
(2) if such monitors meet specified standards, deploy such monitors at all such U.S. seaports to improve cargo screening capabilities not later than September 30, 2007. Requires the Secretary to report to Congress on such monitors and to recommend alternative actions if such the monitors are found to be unfeasible, ineffective, or wasteful.
Requires the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office of DHS, to work with appropriate federal departments and agencies to coordinate the installation of nuclear and radiological detection systems at foreign seaports.
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