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H.R.1091 - Save Our Shores Act
To reauthorize the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998, and for other purposes.
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February 15, 2007
Mr. MACK (for himself, Mr. BUCHANAN, and Ms. CASTOR) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science and Technology, and in addition to the Committee on Natural Resources, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concernedCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
(1) A harmful algal bloom is a condition that occurs in ocean waters when a significantly large and highly concentrated growth of phytoplankton or algae produces biotoxins or otherwise causes negative effects.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) A common harmful algal bloom event known as Red Tide occurs when appropriate conditions allow for massive overgrowth of micro algae, causing phytoplankton blooms that discolor the water.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) Harmful algal blooms commonly occur in waters off the East and West coasts of the United States, as well as in the Gulf of Mexico, the Great Lakes, and the waters surrounding the offshore territories of the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) Harmful algal blooms cause dangerous respiratory distress, burning eyes, and other ailments to individuals in affected areas, as well as the nationwide potential of severe food poisoning from the consumption of contaminated shellfish.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) Harmful algal blooms cause severe impacts to natural resources by way of illness and death to marine mammals, fish, sea turtles, and sea birds as well as coral reef and sea grass communities. As massive algal blooms die, their decomposition depletes oxygen from the water resulting in hypoxic and anoxic conditions leaving vast dead zones in our coastal oceans and lakes.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) Harmful algal blooms cause significant economic harm to businesses and individuals engaged in fishing and shellfishing, as well as to communities and businesses that depend on their coastal location for tourism.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(7) Because harmful algal blooms are affected by many variables, including weather and currents, it is impossible to predict the location, timing, or duration of harmful algal blooms, and further study is needed to understand how these variables, as well as other environmental factors, may cause or contribute to the formation or maintenance of harmful algal blooms.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. REAUTHORIZATION OF HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM AND HYPOXIA RESEARCH AND CONTROL ACT OF 1998.
(b) Annual Report Requirement- Section 603 of the Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act of 1998 (
`(j) Annual Report- At the time the President submits the President's annual budget request to the Congress each year, the Task Force shall submit to the Congress a report on the status and accomplishments of activities under this Act during the preceding year.'.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Award of Federal Financial Assistance for Harmful Algal Bloom Research- All Federal financial assistance for harmful algal bloom research shall be awarded on a competitive, peer-reviewed basis.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink