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H.R.1763 - Indentured Servitude Abolition Act of 2007
To provide for labor recruiter accountability, and for other purposes.
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March 29, 2007
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. PROTECTIONS FOR WORKERS RECRUITED ABROAD.
(a) Basic Requirements- (1) Each employer and foreign labor contractor who engages in foreign labor contracting activity shall ascertain and disclose to each such worker who is recruited for employment the following information at the time of the worker's recruitment:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(G) The existence of any arrangements with any owner or agent of any establishment in the area of employment under which the contractor or employer is to receive a commission or any other benefit resulting from any sales (including the provision of services) by such establishment to the workers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(H) Whether and the extent to which workers will be compensated through workers' compensation, private insurance, or otherwise for injuries or death, including work related injuries and death, during the period of employment and, if so, the name of the State workers' compensation insurance carrier or the name of the policyholder of the private insurance, the name and the telephone number of each person who must be notified of an injury or death, and the time period within which such notice must be given.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(I) Any education or training to be provided or made available, including the nature and cost of such training, who will pay such costs, and whether the training is a condition of employment, continued employment, or future employment.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) No foreign labor contractor or employer shall knowingly provide false or misleading information to any worker concerning any matter required to be disclosed in paragraph (1).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) The information required to be disclosed by paragraph (1) to workers shall be provided in written form. Such information shall be provided in English or, as necessary and reasonable, in the language of the worker being recruited. The Department of Labor shall make forms available in English, Spanish, and other languages, as necessary, which may be used in providing workers with information required under this section.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) The employer shall pay the transportation costs, including subsistence costs during the period of travel, for the worker from the place of recruitment to the place of employment and from the place of employment to such worker's place of permanent residence.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(7)(A) It shall be unlawful for an employer or a foreign labor contractor to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise discriminate against an individual with respect to compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment because such individual's race, color, creed, sex, national origin, religion, age, or disability.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) in the case of a claim of discrimination based on race, color, creed, sex, national origin, or religion, the same legal standards shall apply as are applicable under title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (
(ii) in the case of a claim of discrimination based on unlawful discrimination based on age, the same legal standards shall apply as are applicable under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (
(iii) in the case of a claim of discrimination based on disability, the same legal standards shall apply as are applicable under title I of the Americans With Disabilities Act (
(b) Other Worker Protections- (1) Each employer shall notify the Secretary of the identity of any foreign labor contractor involved in any foreign labor contractor activity for or on behalf of the employer. The employer shall be subject to the civil remedies of this Act for violations committed by such foreign labor contractor to the same extent as if the employer had committed the violation. The employer shall notify the Secretary of the identity of such a foreign labor contractor whose activities do not comply with this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) The Secretary shall maintain a list of all foreign labor contractors whom the Secretary knows or believes have been involved in violations of this Act, and make that list publicly available. The Secretary shall provide a procedure by which an employer, a foreign labor contractor, or someone acting on behalf of such contractor may seek to have a foreign labor contractor's name removed from such list by demonstrating to the Secretary's satisfaction that the foreign labor contractor has not violated this Act in the previous five years.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) No foreign labor contractor shall violate, without justification, the terms of any written agreements made with an employer pertaining to any contracting activity or worker protection under this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Discrimination Prohibited Against Workers Seeking Relief Under This Act- No person shall intimidate, threaten, restrain, coerce, blacklist, discharge, or in any manner discriminate against any worker because such worker has, with just cause, filed any complaint or instituted, or caused to be instituted, any proceeding under or related to this Act, or has testified or is about to testify in any such proceedings, or because of the exercise, with just cause, by such worker on behalf of himself or others of any right or protection afforded by this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. ENFORCEMENT PROVISIONS.
(a) Criminal Sanctions- Whoever knowingly violates this Act shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. Upon conviction, after a first conviction under this section, for a second or subsequent violation of this Act, the defendant shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Administrative Sanctions- (1)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary may assess a civil money penalty of not more than $5,000 on any person who violates this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) In determining the amount of any penalty to be assessed under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall take into account (i) the previous record of the person in terms of compliance with this Act and with comparable requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, and with regulations promulgated under such Acts, and (ii) the gravity of the violation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) Any employer who uses the services of a foreign labor contractor who is on the list maintained by the Secretary pursuant to section 2(b)(2), shall, if the actions of such foreign labor contractor have contributed to a violation of this Act by the employer, be fined $10,000 per violation in addition to any other fines or penalties for which the employer may be liable for the violation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Actions by Secretary- The Secretary may take such actions, including seeking appropriate injunctive relief and specific performance of contractual obligations, as may be necessary to assure employer compliance with terms and conditions of employment under this Act and with this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(e) Representation in Court- Except as provided in
SEC. 4. PROCEDURES IN ADDITION TO OTHER RIGHTS OF EMPLOYEES.
The rights and remedies provided to workers by this Act are in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other contractual or statutory rights and remedies of the workers, and are not intended to alter or affect such rights and remedies.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 5. AUTHORITY TO PRESCRIBE REGULATIONS.
SEC. 6. DEFINITIONS.
(a) In General- Except as otherwise provided by this Act, for purposes of this Act the terms used in this Act shall have the same meanings, respectively, as are given those terms in section 3 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) The term `State' means any State of the United States and includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Virgin Islands of the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) The term `foreign labor contractor' means any person who for any money or other valuable consideration paid or promised to be paid, performs any foreign labor contracting activity.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) The term `foreign labor contracting activity' means recruiting, soliciting, hiring, employing, or furnishing, an individual who resides outside of the United States to be employed in the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
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