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S.333 - Lumbee Recognition Act
A bill to provide for the acknowledgment of the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, and for other purposes.
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January 18, 2007
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. PREAMBLE.
`Whereas the Lumbee Indians of Robeson and adjoining counties in North Carolina are descendants of coastal North Carolina Indian tribes, principally Cheraw, and have remained a distinct Indian community since the time of contact with white settlers;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`Whereas in 1956 the Congress of the United States acknowledged the Lumbee Indians as an Indian tribe, but withheld from the Lumbee Tribe the benefits, privileges and immunities to which the Tribe and its members otherwise would have been entitled by virtue of the Tribe's status as a federally recognized Indian tribe; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`Whereas the Congress finds that the Lumbee Indians should now be entitled to full Federal recognition of their status as an Indian tribe and that the benefits, privileges and immunities that accompany such status should be accorded to the Lumbee Tribe: Now, therefore,'.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. FEDERAL RECOGNITION.
`SEC. 2. RECOGNITION.
`(a) In General- Federal recognition is extended to the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina. All laws and regulations of the United States of general application to Indians and Indian tribes shall apply to the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina and its members.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`(b) Petition- Notwithstanding the first section, any group of Indians in Robeson and adjoining counties, North Carolina, whose members are not enrolled in the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina as determined under section 3(c), may petition under part 83 of title 25, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation) for acknowledgment of tribal existence.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`SEC. 3. ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICES AND BENEFITS.
`(1) SERVICES AND BENEFITS- The Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina and its members shall be eligible for all services and benefits provided to Indians because of their status as members of a federally recognized Indian tribe.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`(2) RESIDENCE ON OR NEAR RESERVATION- For the purposes of the delivery of such services, members of the Tribe residing in Robeson, Cumberland, Hoke, and Scotland counties in North Carolina shall be deemed to be residing on or near an Indian reservation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`(1) IN GENERAL- On verification by the Secretary of the Interior of a tribal roll under subsection (c), the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall develop, in consultation with the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, a determination of needs and budget to provide the services to which members of the Tribe are eligible.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`(2) INCLUSION IN BUDGET REQUEST- The Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall each submit a written statement of those needs and a budget with the first budget request submitted to Congress after the fiscal year in which the tribal roll is verified.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`(1) IN GENERAL- For purposes of the delivery of Federal services, the tribal roll in effect on the date of enactment of this section shall, subject to verification by the Secretary of the Interior, define the service population of the Tribe.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`(2) VERIFICATION- The Secretary's verification shall be limited to confirming compliance with the membership criteria set out in the Tribe's constitution adopted on November 11, 2000, which verification shall be completed not less than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`SEC. 4. FEE LAND.
`Fee land that the Tribe seeks to convey to the United States to be held in trust shall be treated by the Secretary of the Interior as on-reservation trust acquisitions under part 151 of title 25 Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation) if the land is located within Robeson County, North Carolina.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`SEC. 5. STATE JURISDICTION.
land located within the state of North Carolina that is owned by, or held in trust by the United States for, the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, or any dependent Indian community of the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
`(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Interior may accept on behalf of the United States, after consulting with the Attorney General of the United States, any transfer by the State of North Carolina to the United States of any portion of the jurisdiction of the State of North Carolina described in paragraph (1) under an agreement between the Lumbee Tribe and the State of North Carolina.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink