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H.R.3108 - Medication Therapy Management Benefits Act of 2009
To amend part D of title XVIII of the Social Security Act to promote medication therapy management under the Medicare part D prescription drug program.
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Mr. ROSS introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concernedCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
(1) Medications are important to the management of chronic diseases that require long-term or lifelong therapy. Pharmacists are uniquely qualified as medication experts to work with patients to manage their medications and chronic conditions and play a key role in helping patients take their medications as prescribed.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) Nonadherence with medications is a significant problem. According to a report by the World Health Organization, in developed countries, only 50 percent of patients with chronic diseases adhere to medication therapies. For example, in the United States only 51 percent of patients taking blood pressure medications are adherent; similarly, only 40 to 70 percent of patients taking antidepressant medications adhere to prescribed therapies.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) Failure to take medications as prescribed costs over $177 billion dollars annually. The problem of nonadherence is particularly important for patients with chronic diseases that require use of medications; poor adherence leads to unnecessary disease progression, reduced functional status, lower quality of life, and premature death.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) When patients adhere to, or comply with, their medication therapy, it is possible to reduce higher-cost medical attention, such as emergency department visits and catastrophic care, and avoid the preventable human costs that impact patients and those who care for them.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) Studies have clearly demonstrated that community-based medication therapy management (MTM) services provided by pharmacists improve health care outcomes and reduce spending. For example, the Asheville Project--a diabetes program designed for city employees in Asheville, North Carolina, and delivered by community pharmacists--resulted over a 5-year period in a decrease in total direct medical costs ranging from $1,622 to $3,356 per patient per year, a 50 percent decrease in the use of sick days, and an increase in productivity accounting for an estimated savings of $18,000 annually. Another project involving pharmacist-provided care to patients with high cholesterol increased compliance with medication to 90 percent from a national average of 40 percent. In North Carolina, the ChecKmeds NC program, which offers eligible seniors one-on-one MTM consultations with pharmacists, saved an estimated $10,000,000 in healthcare costs and avoided numerous health problems in the first year of the program for the more than 15,000 seniors receiving MTM. Similar results have been achieved in several other demonstrations using community pharmacists.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. IMPROVEMENT IN PART D MEDICATION THERAPY MANAGEMENT (MTM) PROGRAMS.
‘(C) REQUIRED REVIEWS AND INTERVENTIONS- Beginning in the first plan year after the date of the enactment of the Medication Therapy Management Benefits Act of 2009, PDP sponsors shall offer medication therapy management services to targeted beneficiaries described in subparagraph (A)(ii) that include, at a minimum, the following to increase adherence to prescription medications:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(I) shall include a review of the individual’s medications, creation of a personal medication record, and a recommended medication action plan in consultation with the individual and the prescriber; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(ii) Targeted medication reviews furnished person-to-person by a licensed pharmacist offered no less frequently than once every quarter to assess medication use since the last annual comprehensive medication review, to monitor unresolved issues, to identify problems with new drug therapies or if the individual has experienced a transition in care.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(iii) Followup interventions, which may be provided person-to-person or through other interactive means, on a schedule and frequency recommended by the prescriber or a licensed pharmacist.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) in subparagraph (A)(ii)(I), by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: ‘or any chronic disease that accounts for high spending in the Medicare program including diabetes, hypertension, heart failure, dyslipidemia, respiratory disease (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or chronic lung disorders), bone disease-arthritis (such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis), rheumatoid arthritis, and mental health (such as depression, schizophrenia, or bipolar disorder)’;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(iii) IDENTIFICATION OF INDIVIDUALS WHO MAY BENEFIT FROM MEDICATION THERAPY MANAGEMENT- The PDP sponsor shall identify a process subject to the Secretary’s approval that allows pharmacists or other qualified providers to identify enrollees for medication therapy management interventions where such individuals are not described as targeted beneficiaries under clause (ii) or are not otherwise offered services described in paragraph (C).’; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(D) MEDICATION REVIEWS FOR DUAL ELIGIBLES AND ENROLLEES IN TRANSITION OF CARE- Without regard to whether an enrollee is a targeted beneficiary described in subparagraph (A)(ii), the medication therapy management program under this program shall offer--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(i) a comprehensive medication review described in subparagraph (C)(i) at the time of initial enrollment under the plan for an enrollee who is a full-benefit dual eligible individual (as defined in section 1935(c)(6)); andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(ii) a targeted medication review described in subparagraph (C)(ii) for any enrollee at the time of transition of care (such as being discharged from a hospital or another institutional setting) where new medications have been introduced to the individual’s therapy.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(E) PHARMACY ACCESS REQUIREMENTS- A PDP sponsor shall offer any willing pharmacy in its network the ability to provide medication therapy management services to assure that enrollees have the option of obtaining services under the medication therapy management program from community-based retail pharmacies.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) APPROPRIATE REIMBURSEMENT FOR THE PROVISION OF MTM SERVICES- Section 1860D-4(c)(2)(H) of such Act, as redesignated by subsection (a), is amended by striking the first sentence and inserting the following: ‘The PDP sponsor shall reimburse pharmacists and other entities furnishing medication therapy management services under this paragraph based on the resources used and the time required to provide such services.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) EVALUATION OF PERFORMANCE FOR PAYMENT INCENTIVES- Section 1860D-4(c)(2) of such Act (
‘(i) DATA COLLECTION AND PROVIDER MEASURES- Effective beginning in the first plan year after the date of the enactment of the Medication Therapy Management Benefits Act of 2009, the Secretary shall establish measures and standards for data collection by PDP sponsors to evaluate performance of pharmacies and other entities in furnishing medication therapy management services. Such measures shall be designed to help assess and improve overall quality of care, including a reduction in adverse medication reactions, improvements in adherence and persistence in chronic medication use, and a reduction in drug spending, where appropriate. PDP sponsors shall also compare outcomes based on the type of entity offering such services and shall ensure broader participation of entities that achieve better outcomes with respect to such services. The measures established under this clause shall include measures developed by the Pharmacy Quality Alliance (PQA) in the case of pharmacist providers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(ii) CONTINUAL DEVELOPMENT AND INCORPORATION OF MEDICATION THERAPY MANAGEMENT MEASURES IN BROADER HEALTH CARE OUTCOMES MEASURES- The Secretary shall support the continual development and refinement of performance measures described in clause (i), including the incorporation of medication use measures as part of broader health care outcomes measures. The Secretary shall work with state Medicaid programs to incorporate similar performance-based measures into State-required Drug Use Review programs under title XIX.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(iii) INCENTIVE PAYMENTS- Beginning with plan year 2011, pharmacies and other entities that furnish medication therapy management services under this part shall be provided (in a manner specified by the Secretary) with additional incentive payments based on the performance of such pharmacies and entities in meeting the quality measures established under clause (i). Such payments shall be made from the Medicare Prescription Drug Account except that such payments may be made from the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund or the Federal Supplemental Medical Insurance Trust Fund if the Secretary determines, based on data under this part and parts A and B, that such services have resulted in a reduction in expenditures under part A or part B, respectively.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
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