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H.R.1515 - Safe Teen and Novice Driver Uniform Protection Act of 2011
To provide driver safety grants to States with graduated driver licensing laws that meet certain minimum requirements.
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Mr. BISHOP of New York (for himself, Mr. HULTGREN, Mr. VAN HOLLEN, Mr. HOLDEN, Mr. HONDA, Mr. ISRAEL, Ms. SPEIER, Mrs. CAPPS, and Mr. DAVIS of Illinois) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and InfrastructureCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
(B) between 1999 and 2009, more than 90,000 Americans were killed in motor vehicle crashes involving drivers between 15 and 20 years of age, an average of 155 deaths per week;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(D) teenage drivers who are 16 years of age have a motor vehicle crash rate that is almost 10 times higher than the crash rate for drivers between 30 and 60 years of age.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has found that distraction caused by cellular phones is significant enough to degrade driver performance, and is particularly dangerous for inexperienced drivers between 15 and 20 years of age.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) That National Transportation Safety Board has found that although only 20 percent of driving by teenage drivers occurs at night, more than 50 percent of the motor vehicle crash fatalities involving teenage drivers occur at night.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(8) The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that although 23 percent of the population of the United States lives in rural areas, 57 percent of all traffic fatalities occur on rural roads, underscoring the elevated crash risk for teen drivers in rural areas.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(9) The American Academy of Pediatrics has found evidence that the area of the brain responsible for planning, impulse control, and executive decision-making does not fully mature until a person is between 20 and 25 years of age, placing teen drivers at greater risk of being involved in an accident.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(10) The Journal of the American Medical Association reports that after Michigan and North Carolina adopted comprehensive graduated driver licensing systems in 1997, crashes involving 16-year-old drivers decreased by 25 percent in Michigan and by 27 percent in North Carolina.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(11) According to the Office of the Illinois Secretary of State, teen driving deaths dropped by over 40 percent in Illinois in the first full year following the 2007 implementation of a stronger graduated driver licensing law.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(12) The National Transportation Safety Board reports that over 40 States and the District of Columbia have implemented some type of 3-stage graduated driver licensing system. However, most States have not yet enacted all of the lifesaving safety features of graduated driver licensing laws recommended by the National Transportation Safety Board and supported by research to protect the lives of teenage and novice drivers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. STATE GRADUATED DRIVER LICENSING LAWS.
(1) IN GENERAL- A State is in compliance with this section if the State has a graduated driver licensing law that requires novice drivers younger than 21 years of age to comply with the 2-stage licensing process described in paragraph (2) before receiving an unrestricted driver’s license.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(v) prohibits the driver from operating a motor vehicle with more than 1 non-familial passenger younger than 21 years of age unless a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age is in the motor vehicle; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(III) a requirement that any such driver be accompanied and supervised by a licensed driver who is at least 21 years of age at all times while such driver is operating a motor vehicle; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(ii) in the learner’s permit or intermediate stage, a requirement that, in addition to any other penalties imposed by State law, the grant of an unrestricted driver’s license be automatically delayed for any individual who, during the learner’s permit or intermediate stage, is convicted of a driving-related offense, such as--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Transportation shall promulgate regulations necessary to implement this section in accordance with the notice and comment provisions under section 553 of title 5, United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) EXCEPTION- A State that otherwise meets the minimum requirements set forth in subsection (a) shall be deemed by the Secretary to be in compliance with this section regardless of whether a State law, which was enacted by the State before January 1, 2011, establishes a class of license that permits licensees younger than 18 years of age to drive a motor vehicle in connection with work performed on or for the operation of a farm owned by family members who are directly related to the licensees.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 4. INCENTIVE GRANTS.
(a) In General- For each of the first 3 fiscal years beginning after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall award a grant to any State that submits an application under subsection (b) if that State is in compliance with section 3(a) on or before the first day of that fiscal year.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Any State desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary of Transportation at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require, including a certification by the Governor of the State that the State is in compliance with section 3(a).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Grants- Amounts appropriated to carry out this section for each fiscal year shall be apportioned to each State that is in compliance with section 3(a) in an amount determined by multiplying--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) the ratio that the amount of funds apportioned to each such State for such fiscal year under
(e) Authorization of Appropriations- There is authorized to be appropriated $25,000,000, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account), to carry out this section during each fiscal year described in subsection (a).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 5. WITHHOLDING OF FUNDS FOR NONCOMPLIANCE.
(1) FOURTH FISCAL YEAR- On the first day of the fourth fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall withhold 3 percent of the amount otherwise required to be apportioned to any State for such fiscal year under each of the paragraphs (1), (3), and (4) of
(2) FIFTH FISCAL YEAR- On the first day of the fifth fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall withhold 5 percent of the amount otherwise required to be apportioned to any State for such fiscal year under each of the paragraphs (1), (3), and (4) of
(3) SIXTH AND SUBSEQUENT FISCAL YEARS- On the first day of each fiscal year after the fifth fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall withhold 10 percent of the amount otherwise required to be apportioned to any State for such fiscal year under each of the paragraphs (1), (3), and (4) of
(1) FUNDS WITHHELD BEFORE THE END OF THE SIXTH FISCAL YEAR- Any amount withheld from any State under subsection (a) on or before the last day of the sixth fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, shall remain available for distribution to the State under subsection (c) until the end of the third fiscal year following the fiscal year for which such amount is appropriated.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) FUNDS WITHHELD AFTER THE SIXTH FISCAL YEAR- Any amount withheld under subsection (a)(2) from any State after the end of the sixth fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, may not be distributed to the State.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- If, before the last day of the period for which funds withheld under subsection (a) remain available to a State under subsection (b), the State comes into compliance with section 3(a), the Secretary of Transportation shall, on the first day on which the Secretary determines the State has come into compliance, distribute to the State any amounts withheld under subsection (a) that remains available for apportionment to the State.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF SUBSEQUENTLY APPORTIONED FUNDS- Any amount distributed under paragraph (1) shall remain available for expenditure by the State until the end of the third fiscal year following the year for which the funds are so apportioned. Any amount not expended by the State by the end of such period shall lapse.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) EFFECT OF NONCOMPLIANCE- If a State is not in compliance with section 3(a) at the end of the period for which any amount withheld under subsection (a) remains available for distribution to the State under subsection (b), such amount shall lapse.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink