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H.R.2258 - National Hurricane Research Initiative Act of 2011
To establish the National Hurricane Research Initiative to improve hurricane preparedness, and for other purposes.
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Mr. HASTINGS of Florida (for himself, Ms. BORDALLO, Ms. WASSERMAN SCHULTZ, Ms. BROWN of Florida, Mr. FALEOMAVAEGA, Mr. PIERLUISI, and Mr. DEUTCH) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and TechnologyCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
(3) STATE- The term ‘State’ means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession over which the United States has jurisdiction.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. NATIONAL HURRICANE RESEARCH INITIATIVE.
(a) Requirement To Establish- The Under Secretary and the Director shall establish an initiative known as the National Hurricane Research Initiative for the purposes described in subsection (b).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Purposes- The purposes of the National Hurricane Research Initiative shall be to set research objectives based upon the findings of the January 12, 2007, National Science Board report entitled ‘Hurricane Warning: The Critical Need for National Hurricane Research Initiative’--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) to assemble the science and engineering expertise of State or local government agencies or departments and nongovernmental entities (including universities and colleges and other research and academic institutions), through a multi-entity effort focused on--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) mitigating impacts on coastal populations, the coastal built environment, and the natural coastal environment, including but not limited to, coral reefs, wetlands, and other natural systems that mitigate hurricane wind and storm surge impacts; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) PREDICTING STORM SURGE, RAINFALL, INLAND FLOODING, AND STRONG WINDS PRODUCED BY HURRICANES AND TROPICAL STORMS DURING AND AFTER LANDFALL- Research to understand, model, and predict rainfall, flooding, high winds, the potential occurrence of tornadoes, and storm surge, including probabilistic modeling and mapping of risk.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(D) IMPROVED OBSERVATIONS OF HURRICANES AND TROPICAL STORMS- Research to improve measurements of hurricanes and tropical storms through mobile radar platforms, Global Positioning Systems technology, unmanned vehicles, ground-based and wireless sensors, oceanic remote sensing technologies, and air-deployed ocean profilers and floats to improve our understanding of the complex nature of storms and their interaction with the ocean and land.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(E) ASSESSING VULNERABLE INFRASTRUCTURE- Research to develop a national engineering assessment of coastal infrastructure, including infrastructure related to levees, seawalls, drainage systems, bridges, water and sewage systems, power, and communications, to determine the level of vulnerability of such infrastructure to damage from hurricanes and to determine strategies to reduce such vulnerabilities.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(F) INTERACTION OF HURRICANES WITH ENGINEERED STRUCTURES- Research to improve understanding of the impacts of hurricanes and tropical storms on buildings, structures, and housing combined with modeling essential for guiding the creation of improved building designs and construction codes in locations particularly vulnerable to hurricanes.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(G) RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HURRICANES, CLIMATE, AND NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS- Research to improve the understanding of complex relationships between hurricanes and climate, including research to determine the most effective methods to use observational information and numerical model simulations to examine the impacts on ecosystems over long and short periods of time, including but not limited to impacts on coral reefs, wetlands, and other natural systems that mitigate hurricane wind and storm surge impacts.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(H) TECHNOLOGIES FOR DISASTER RESPONSE AND RECOVERY- Research to improve emergency communication networks for government agencies and non-government entities and to improve communications between such networks during disaster response and recovery, including cyber-security during disaster situations and the ability to improve damage assessments during storms.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(I) EVACUATION PLANNING- Research to improve the manner in which hurricane-related information is provided to, and utilized by, the public and government officials, including research to assist officials of State or local government in determining the circumstances in which evacuations are required and in carrying out such evacuations.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(J) COMPUTATIONAL CAPABILITY- Research to improve understanding of the efficient utility of multiple models requiring sharing and inter-operability of databases, computing environments, networks, visualization tools, and analytic systems beyond what is currently available for transitioning hurricane research assets into operational practice and to provide access to robust computational facilities beyond the facilities normally accessible by the civilian research community for the hurricane research enterprise, including data acquisition and modeling capability during hurricane events.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Cooperation With Other Agencies- The Under Secretary and the Director shall cooperate with the head of each appropriate Federal agency or department, research institute, university, and disaster-response or nongovernmental organization to utilize the expertise and capabilities of such entity to carry out the purposes of the National Hurricane Research Initiative, including cooperation with the heads of the following entities:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(d) Coordination- The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, through the National Science and Technology Council, shall coordinate the activities carried out by the United States related to the National Hurricane Research Initiative as a formal program with a well defined organizational structure and execution plan.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) AUTHORITY- The Under Secretary and the Director may award grants to appropriate State and local governmental agencies or departments, research universities or nongovernmental entities to carry out the purposes described in subsection (b).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) BEST PRACTICES- The Under Secretary and the Director shall develop and make available to the public a description of best practices to be used to carry out a project with a grant awarded under this subsection.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(f) Research Seminars and Forums- The Under Secretary and the Director shall carry out a series of national seminars and forums that assemble a broad collection of scientific disciplines to direct researchers to work collaboratively to carry out the purposes described in subsection (b).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(g) Initial Research To Develop Improved Hurricane Intensity Forecasts and Impact Projections- The Under Secretary and the Director shall within 120 days after the enactment of this Act issue a request for proposals to undertake the basic and applied research with an annual budget in the amounts as deemed appropriate by the Under Secretary and the Director to accomplish the desired research results during a 10-year term.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 4. NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE DATABASE.
(1) cataloging and characterizing the physical, social, and natural infrastructure in order to provide a baseline for developing standards, measuring modification, and determining loss;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) providing data to researchers to improve their ability to measure hurricane impacts, separate such impacts from other effects, both natural and anthropogenic, make effective recommendations for improved building codes and urban planning practices, and develop effective procedures for responding to infrastructure disruption.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Database Requirements- The National Infrastructure Database shall be a virtual, cyber environment that uses existing capabilities and facilities, and establishes new capabilities and facilities, as appropriate, to provide an interoperable environment and the necessary metadata and other resources needed by users of that Database.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 5. NATIONAL HURRICANE RESEARCH MODEL.
(a) Requirement To Establish- The Under Secretary and the Director shall develop a National Hurricane Research Model to conduct integrative research and to facilitate the transfer of research knowledge to operational applications, including linking relevant theoretical, physical, and computational models from atmospheric, oceanic, economic, sociological, engineered infrastructure, and ecologic fields, conducting experimental research to understand the extensive complexities of hurricanes, training of the next-generation hurricane researchers and forecasters, and obtaining measurable results in a comprehensive framework suitable for testing end-to-end integrative systems.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) System Requirements- The National Hurricane Research Model shall be a physically distributed and highly coordinated working environment in which research from the National Hurricane Research Initiative can be experimentally substantiated using suitable quantitative metrics, and where a culture of interaction and collaboration can further be promoted, including in the areas of--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 6. JOINT POLAR SATELLITE SYSTEM.
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