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H.R.618 - Rare Earths and Critical Materials Revitalization Act of 2011
To develop a rare earth materials program, to amend the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980, and for other purposes.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
TITLE I--RARE EARTH MATERIALS
TITLE II--NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MINERALS POLICY, RESEARCH, AND DEVELOPMENT
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
(1) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES- The term ‘appropriate Congressional committees’ means the Committee on Science and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 101. RARE EARTH MATERIALS PROGRAM.
(1) IN GENERAL- There is established in the Department a program of research, development, demonstration, and commercial application to assure the long-term, secure, and sustainable supply of rare earth materials sufficient to satisfy the national security, economic well-being, and industrial production needs of the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(G) collect, catalogue, archive, and disseminate information on rare earth materials, including scientific and technical data generated by the research and development activities supported under this section, and assist scientists and engineers in making the fullest possible use of the data holdings; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) IMPROVED PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES- To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall support new or significantly improved processes and technologies as compared to those currently in use in the rare earth materials industry.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) extensive opportunities for students at institutions of higher education, including institutions listed under section 371(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (
(5) CONSISTENCY- The program shall be consistent with the policies and programs in the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980 (
(6) INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION- In carrying out the program, the Secretary may collaborate, to the extent practicable, on activities of mutual interest with the relevant agencies of foreign countries with interests relating to rare earth materials.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act and biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the appropriate Congressional committees a plan to carry out the program established under subsection (a).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) the expected contributions of the program to the creation of innovative methods and technologies for the efficient and sustainable provision of rare earth materials to the domestic economy;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(F) actions taken or proposed that reflect recommendations from the assessment conducted under subsection (c) or the Secretary’s rationale for not taking action pursuant to any recommendation from such assessment for plans submitted following the completion of the assessment under such subsection.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) CONSULTATION- In preparing each plan under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with appropriate representatives of industry, institutions of higher education, Department of Energy national laboratories, professional and technical societies, and other entities, as determined by the Secretary.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- After the program has been in operation for 4 years, the Secretary shall offer to enter into a contract with the National Academy of Sciences under which the National Academy shall conduct an assessment of the program under subsection (a).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 102. RARE EARTH MATERIALS LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.
‘SEC. 1706. TEMPORARY PROGRAM FOR RARE EARTH MATERIALS REVITALIZATION.
‘(a) In General- As part of the program established in section 101 of the Rare Earths and Critical Materials Revitalization Act of 2011, the Secretary is authorized, only to the extent provided in advance in a subsequent appropriations act, to make guarantees under this title for the commercial application of new or significantly improved technologies (compared to technologies currently in use in the United States at the time the guarantee is issued) for the following categories of projects:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) The preparation of rare earth materials in oxide, metal, alloy, or other forms needed for national security, economic well-being, or industrial production purposes.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(c) Cooperation- To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall cooperate with appropriate private sector participants to achieve a complete rare earth materials production capability in the United States within 5 years after the date of enactment of the Rare Earths and Critical Materials Revitalization Act of 2011.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(d) Domestic Supply Chain- In support of the objective in subsection (c) to achieve a rare earth materials production capability in the United States that includes the complete value chain described in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a), the Secretary may not award a guarantee for a project unless the project’s proponent provides to the Secretary an assurance that the loan or guarantee shall be used to support the separation, recovery, preparation, or manufacturing of rare earth materials in the United States for customers within the United States unless insufficient domestic demand for such materials results in excess capacity.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Table of Contents Amendment- The table of contents of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1705 the following new item:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 201. AMENDMENTS TO NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MINERALS POLICY, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1980.
(1) by striking ‘date of enactment of this Act’ each place it appears and inserting ‘date of enactment of the Rare Earths and Critical Materials Revitalization Act of 2011’;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) assess the adequacy, accessibility, and stability of the supply of materials necessary to maintain national security, economic well-being, and industrial production.’;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 202. REPEAL.
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