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H.R.6278 - Data Center Optimization Act
To optimize Federal data center usage and efficiency.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
SEC. 2. PURPOSE.
SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
(1) FEDERAL DATA CENTER OPTIMIZATION INITIATIVE- The term ‘Federal Data Center Optimization Initiative’ means the initiative developed and implemented pursuant to section 4.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) DATA CENTER- The term ‘data center’ means any room that is devoted to data processing servers, including server closets (typically less than 200 square feet) and server rooms (typically less than 500 square feet), within a conventional building, and larger spaces in any building dedicated to housing servers, storage devices, and network equipment, but the term does not include facilities that are exclusively devoted to communications and network equipment (such as telephone exchanges) and telecommunications rooms and closets.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) DESKTOP VIRTUALIZATION- The term ‘desktop virtualization’ means any technology that creates a virtual version of an information technology device or resource and is used to separate a computer desktop environment from the physical computer.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) VIRTUALIZATION- The term ‘virtualization’ means the simulation of the software or hardware, or both, upon which other software runs which allows servers to be consolidated in ratios of 5:1 up to 25:1. The use of virtualization technology is both an instrumental and necessary component to achieve increases in server utilization rates. This simulated environment is called a virtual machine (VM).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(7) FEDERAL DATA CENTER- The term ‘Federal data center’ means any data center of a covered agency used or operated by a covered agency, by a contractor of a covered agency, or by another organization on behalf of a covered agency.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(8) POWER UTILIZATION EFFECTIVENESS- The term ‘power utilization effectiveness’ means the ratio obtained by dividing the total amount of electricity and other power consumed in running a data center by the power consumed by the information and communications technology in the data center.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(9) SERVER UTILIZATION- The term ‘server utilization’ refers to the activity level of a server relative to its maximum activity level during peek hours of operation, expressed as a percentage.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(10) CLOUD COMPUTING- The term ‘cloud computing’, as defined by National Institute of Standards and Technology, means a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (such as networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. The model is composed of the following:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 4. FEDERAL DATA CENTER OPTIMIZATION INITIATIVE.
(a) Requirement for Initiative- The Federal Chief Information Officer, in consultation with the chief information officers of covered agencies, shall develop and implement an initiative to optimize the usage and efficiency of Federal data centers by meeting the requirements of this Act and taking additional measures, as appropriate.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Requirement for Plan- Within 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal Chief Information Officer, in consultation with the chief information officers of covered agencies, shall develop and submit to Congress a consolidated plan for implementation of the initiative by each agency. The agency consolidation plans must include descriptions of how agencies will use reductions in floor space, energy use, infrastructure, equipment, applications, personnel, increases in multiorganizational use, and other appropriate methods to meet the requirements of the initiative. The agency consolidation plans must also be included in, and consistent with, the President’s annual budget submission materials, including the detailed budget justifications and appropriations estimates.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 5. PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO DATA CENTER CONSOLIDATION.
(A) The closing of existing data centers that have an average server utilization of under 65 percent. If the agency fails to close data centers with a utilization of under 65 percent, the agency must provide a detailed explanation as to why this data center should remain in use as part of the submitted plan. The Federal Chief Information Officer will include an assessment of the agency explanation in the annual report to Congress.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) Use commercial cloud technologies where feasible and cost effective by migrating agency data and government-provided services from agency owned and operated data centers to cloud computing services generally available with the private sector.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(ii) Launch private government cloud services within an agency, or share resources across several agencies where more feasible and cost-effective in comparison to use of public cloud services.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) The covered agency must establish other methods to obtain accurate data to measure power utilization effectiveness subject to the approval of the Federal Chief Information Officer.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(d) Desktop Virtualization- Each covered agency shall use desktop virtualization with existing workstations to the extent that is practicable, to save equipment replacement costs and improve the security posture of enpoint devices by migrating end user data from the device into the private cloud of the agency.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(e) Efficient Information Technology- Each covered agency shall give high priority to replacement of data center servers and other information technology equipment with more efficient equipment, using a baseline including the physical to virtual consolidation ratio and other criteria developed by the Federal Chief Information Officer in consultation with agency chief information officers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 6. DISPOSITION OF SAVINGS FROM DATA CONSOLIDATION.
(1) IN GENERAL- Each covered agency shall track costs resulting from implementation of the Federal Data Center Optimization Initiative within the agency and submit a report on those costs annually to the Federal Chief Information Officer. Covered agencies shall determine the net costs from data consolidation on an annual basis.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Each covered agency shall track savings resulting from implementation of the Federal Data Center Optimization Initiative within the agency and submit a report on those savings annually to the Federal Chief Information Officer. Covered agencies shall determine the net savings from data consolidation on an annual basis.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(d) Use of Savings- Any savings resulting from implementation of the Federal Data Center Optimization Initiative within a covered agency shall be used for the following purposes:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(e) Comptroller General Report- Not later than three months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall examine methods for calculating savings from the Initiative and using them for the purposes identified in subsection (c), including establishment and use of a special revolving fund that supports data centers and server optimization, and shall submit to the Federal Chief Information Officer and Congress a report on the Comptroller General’s findings and recommendations. The Federal Chief Information Officer shall take those findings and recommendations into account in developing the plan under section 4(b).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 7. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS TO CONGRESS AND THE FEDERAL CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER.
(a) Agency Requirement To Report to CIO- Each year, each covered agency shall submit to the Federal Chief Information Officer a report on the implementation of the Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative. The report shall include an update of the agency’s plan for implementing the Initiative.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Federal Chief Information Officer Requirement To Report to Congress- Each year, the Federal Chief Information Officer shall submit to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a consolidated report that assesses agency progress in carrying out the Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative and updates the plan under section 4(b). The report may be included as part of the annual report required under
SEC. 8. AGENCIES INCLUDED IN THE FEDERAL DATA CENTER OPTIMIZATION INITIATIVE.
(2) ADDITIONAL AGENCIES- Such other additional agencies as the Federal Chief Information Officer determines appropriate, after examining whether additional agencies should be covered by the Initiative and including the results of such examination in the plan under section 4(b) and updates under section 7.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink