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S.1351 - Battery Innovation Act of 2011
A bill to promote the development, manufacturing, and use of advanced batteries, and for other purposes.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
TITLE I--BATTERY SUPPLY
TITLE II--BATTERY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Subtitle A--Battery Research and Development
Subtitle B--Vehicle Research and Development
Subtitle C--Medium- and Heavy-Duty Commercial and Transit Vehicles
Subtitle D--Authorization of Appropriations
TITLE III--BATTERY MANUFACTURING
TITLE IV--ALTERNATIVE AND SECONDARY USE OF BATTERIES
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
(1) ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY--ENERGY- The term ‘Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy’ means the Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy established by section 5012(b) of the America COMPETES Act (
(4) PLUG-IN ELECTRIC DRIVE VEHICLE- The term ‘plug-in electric drive vehicle’ has the meaning given the term in section 131(a)(5) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (
SEC. 101. GRANTS FOR LITHIUM PRODUCTION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
‘SEC. 657. GRANTS FOR LITHIUM PRODUCTION RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
‘(b) Grants- The Secretary shall provide grants to eligible entities for research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of domestic industrial processes that are designed to enhance domestic lithium production for use in advanced battery technologies, as determined by the Secretary.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(d) Authorization of Appropriations- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2014.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 102. STUDY ON THE SUPPLY OF RAW MATERIALS.
(1) identifies the raw materials needed for the manufacture of plug-in electric drive vehicles, batteries, and other components for plug-in electric drive vehicles, and for the infrastructure needed to support plug-in electric drive vehicles;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) assesses, in consultation with an independent analysis entity designated by the Secretary, the degree of risk to the manufacture, maintenance, deployment, and use of plug-in electric drive vehicles associated with the supply of those raw materials;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) assesses, in coordination with relevant Federal agencies (as determined by the Secretary), the international trade opportunities and barriers, including tariffs, for the continued development of advanced batteries in the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Report- Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall submit to Congress a report that describes the results of the study.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 201. ARPA-E PLUG-IN ELECTRIC DRIVE VEHICLE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.
(a) In General- The Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy established by section 5012(b) of the America COMPETES Act (
(b) Supplemental Funds- Funds made available under this section shall used to supplement (and not supplant) funds made available for the Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Authorization of Appropriations- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2014.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 202. ADVANCED BATTERY BREAKTHROUGH ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS.
(a) In General- The Secretary may make cash awards, in amounts determined by the Secretary, in recognition of breakthrough achievements in research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of batteries that--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund to be known as the ‘Battery Achievement Award Fund’ (referred to in this section as the ‘Fund’), to be administered by the Secretary, to be available without fiscal year limitation and subject to appropriation, to award amounts under this section.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) IN GENERAL- Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 2012, the Secretary shall submit a report on the operation of the Fund during the fiscal year to--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(38) a separate statement for the Battery Achievement Award Fund established under section 202(b) of the Battery Innovation Act of 2011, which shall include the estimated amount of deposits into the Fund, obligations, and outlays from the Fund.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 203. ENERGY INNOVATION HUBS.
(1) to advance highly promising areas of science and engineering relating to batteries throughout all applicable stages, including research through providing promising technology and information to the private sector; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) to foster unique, cross-disciplinary collaborations by bringing together leading scientists and engineers to focus on high priority technology relating to batteries.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 211. PROGRAM.
(a) Activities- The Secretary shall conduct a program of basic and applied research, development, engineering, demonstration, and commercial application activities on materials, technologies, and processes with the potential to substantially reduce or eliminate petroleum use and the emissions of the passenger and commercial vehicles of the United States, including activities in the areas of--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(22) efficient use, substitution, and recycling of potentially critical materials in vehicles, including rare earth elements and precious metals, at risk of supply disruption;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Transformational Technology- The Secretary shall ensure that the Department continues to support research, development, engineering, demonstration, and commercial application activities and maintains competency in mid- to long-term transformational vehicle technologies with potential to achieve deep reductions in petroleum use and emissions, including activities in the areas of--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) hydrogen vehicle technologies, including fuel cells, internal combustion engines, hydrogen storage, infrastructure, and activities in hydrogen technology validation and safety codes and standards;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) multiple battery chemistries and novel energy storage devices, including nonchemical batteries and electromechanical storage technologies such as hydraulics, flywheels, and compressed air storage;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Industry Participation- To the maximum extent practicable, activities under this Act shall be carried out in partnership or collaboration with automotive manufacturers, heavy commercial, vocational, and transit vehicle manufacturers, qualified plug-in electric vehicle manufacturers, compressed natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas vehicle manufacturers, vehicle and engine equipment and component manufacturers, manufacturing equipment manufacturers, advanced vehicle service providers, fuel producers and energy suppliers, electric utilities, universities, national laboratories, and independent research laboratories. In carrying out this Act the Secretary shall--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) determine whether a wide range of companies that manufacture or assemble vehicles or components in the United States are represented in ongoing public private partnership activities, including firms that have not traditionally participated in federally sponsored research and development activities, and where possible, partner with such firms that conduct significant and relevant research and development activities in the United States;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) leverage the capabilities and resources of, and formalize partnerships with, industry-led stakeholder organizations, nonprofit organizations, industry consortia, and trade associations with expertise in the research and development of, and education and outreach activities in, advanced automotive and commercial vehicle technologies;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) establish and support public-private partnerships, dedicated to overcoming barriers in commercial application of transformational vehicle technologies, that utilize such industry-led technology development facilities of entities with demonstrated expertise in successfully designing and engineering pre-commercial generations of such transformational technology; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) promote efforts to ensure that technology research, development, engineering, and commercial application activities funded under this Act are carried out in the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(d) Interagency and Intraagency Coordination- To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall coordinate research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities among--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(e) Coordination and Nonduplication- In coordinating activities the Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that activities do not duplicate those of other programs within the Department or other relevant research agencies.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(f) Federal Demonstration of Technologies- The Secretary shall make information available to procurement programs of Federal agencies regarding the potential to demonstrate technologies resulting from activities funded through programs under this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(g) Intergovernmental Coordination- The Secretary shall seek opportunities to leverage resources and support initiatives of State and local governments in developing and promoting advanced vehicle technologies, manufacturing, and infrastructure.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 212. SENSING AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES.
(a) In General- The Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of Transportation and the relevant research programs of other Federal agencies, shall conduct research, development, engineering, and demonstration activities on connectivity of vehicle and transportation systems, including on sensing, computation, communication, and actuation technologies that allow for reduced fuel use, optimized traffic flow, and vehicle electrification, including technologies for--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Coordination- The activities carried out under this section shall supplement (and not supplant) activities under the intelligent transportation system research program of the Department of Transportation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 213. MANUFACTURING.
The Secretary shall carry out a research, development, engineering, demonstration, and commercial application program of advanced vehicle manufacturing technologies and practices, including innovative processes to--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 214. USER TESTING FACILITIES.
Activities under this subtitle may include construction, expansion, or modification of new and existing vehicle, engine, and component research and testing facilities for--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 215. REPORTING.
(a) Technologies Developed- Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act and annually thereafter through 2017, the Secretary of Energy shall transmit to Congress a report regarding the technologies developed as a result of the activities authorized by this subtitle, with a particular emphasis on whether the technologies were successfully adopted for commercial applications, and if so, whether products relying on those technologies are manufactured in the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Additional Matters- At the end of each fiscal year through 2017, the Secretary shall submit to the relevant Congressional committees of jurisdiction an annual report describing activities undertaken in the previous year under this subtitle, active industry participants, efforts to recruit new participants committed to design, engineering, and manufacturing of advanced vehicle technologies in the United States, progress of the program in meeting goals and timelines, and a strategic plan for funding of activities across agencies.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 221. PROGRAM.
(a) In General- The Secretary, in partnership with relevant research and development programs in other Federal agencies, and a range of appropriate industry stakeholders, shall carry out a program of cooperative research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities on advanced technologies for medium- to heavy-duty commercial, vocational, recreational, and transit vehicles, including activities in the areas of--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Leadership- The Secretary shall appoint a full-time Director to coordinate research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities in medium- to heavy-duty commercial, recreational, and transit vehicle technologies. Responsibilities of the Director shall be to--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) improve coordination and develop consensus between government agency and industry partners, and propose new processes for program management and priority setting to better align activities and budgets among partners;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) regularly convene workshops, site visits, demonstrations, conferences, investor forums, and other events in which information and research findings are shared among program participants and interested stakeholders;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) develop a budget for the Department’s activities with regard to the interagency program, and provide consultation and guidance on vehicle technology funding priorities across agencies;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) determine a process for reviewing program technical goals, targets, and timetables and, where applicable, aided by life-cycle impact and cost analysis, propose revisions or elimination based on program progress, available funding, and rate of technology adoption;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) recruit new industry participants to the interagency program, including truck, trailer, and component manufacturers who have not traditionally participated in federally sponsored research and technology development activities; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Reporting- At the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress an annual report describing activities undertaken in the previous year, active industry participants, efforts to recruit new participants, progress of the program in meeting goals and timelines, and a strategic plan for funding of activities across agencies.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 222. CLASS 8 TRUCK AND TRAILER SYSTEMS DEMONSTRATION.
(a) In General- The Secretary shall conduct a competitive grant program to demonstrate the integration of multiple advanced technologies on Class 8 truck and trailer platforms with a goal of improving overall freight efficiency, as measured in tons and volume of freight hauled or other work performance-based metrics, by 50 percent, including a combination of technologies listed in section 221(a).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Applicant Teams- Applicant teams may be comprised of truck and trailer manufacturers, engine and component manufacturers, fleet customers, university researchers, and other applicants as appropriate for the development and demonstration of integrated Class 8 truck and trailer systems.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 223. TECHNOLOGY TESTING AND METRICS.
(1) shall develop standard testing procedures and technologies for evaluating the performance of advanced heavy vehicle technologies under a range of representative duty cycles and operating conditions, including for heavy hybrid propulsion systems;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) shall evaluate heavy vehicle performance using work performance-based metrics other than those based on miles per gallon, including those based on units of volume and weight transported for freight applications, and appropriate metrics based on the work performed by nonroad systems; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 224. NONROAD SYSTEMS PILOT PROGRAM.
The Secretary shall undertake a pilot program of research, development, demonstration, and commercial applications of technologies to improve total machine or system efficiency for nonroad mobile equipment including agricultural and construction equipment, and shall seek opportunities to transfer relevant research findings and technologies between the nonroad and on-highway equipment and vehicle sectors.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 231. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
(a) In General- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for United States research, development, engineering, demonstration, and commercial application of vehicles and related technologies, including activities authorized under subtitles B and C, such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2016.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Cost-Sharing Requirement- The activities carried out under this title shall be subject to the cost-sharing requirements of section 988 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (
SEC. 301. ADVANCED BATTERY MANUFACTURING ASSISTANCE.
(a) In General- The Secretary shall make grants for the manufacturing of advanced batteries and components, and provide facility funding awards, to manufacturers of advanced battery systems and vehicle batteries that are produced in the United States, including manufacturers of advanced lithium ion batteries and hybrid electrical systems, component manufacturers, software designers, and system design and vehicle integrators.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), notwithstanding
SEC. 401. ALTERNATIVE AND SECONDARY USE OF BATTERIES.
(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall carry out a research, development, and demonstration program that builds upon any work carried out under section 915 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (
(2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an initial report on the findings of the program described in paragraph (1), including recommendations for stationary energy storage and other potential applications for batteries used in plug-in electric drive vehicles.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) GRANT PROGRAM- Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall select proposals for grant funding under this section, based on an assessment of which proposals are mostly likely to contribute to the development of a secondary market for batteries.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 402. LOAN GUARANTEES FOR ADVANCED BATTERY PURCHASES FOR USE IN STATIONARY APPLICATIONS.
‘SEC. 137. LOAN GUARANTEES FOR ADVANCED BATTERY PURCHASES.
‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall guarantee loans made to eligible entities for the aggregate purchase of not less than 200 qualified automotive batteries in a calendar year that have a total minimum power rating of 1 megawatt and use advanced battery technology.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) RESTRICTION- As a condition of receiving a loan guarantee under this section, an entity purchasing qualified automotive batteries with loan funds guaranteed under this section shall comply with the provisions of the Buy American Act (
41 U.S.C. 10aet seq.).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink