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S.497 - San Juan Islands National Conservation Area Act
A bill to establish the San Juan Islands National Conservation Area in the San Juan Islands, Washington, and for other purposes.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS; PURPOSES.
(1) the land managed by the Bureau of Land Management in the San Juan Archipelago in the State of Washington comprising nearly 1,000 acres of small islands, rocks and reef, headlands, historic lighthouses, and ecologically important areas is of great value to people in the State of Washington and the United States;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(E) includes vanishing coastal flower meadows, spruce bogs, groves of Garry oaks and endemic coastal junipers, and other rare and fragile ecosystems that support numerous plant species and provide nesting habitat for seabirds, songbirds, bats, and other small native mammals;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(F) is used by several nonprofit, government, and educational organizations for scientific research and education, including the San Juan Islands Experimental Education Outdoor Classroom;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(G) was identified by the Secretary of the Interior in November 2011 as 1 of 18 areas of public land in 9 States that was a ‘crown jewel’ warranting immediate and permanent protection by Congress; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(H) the establishment of the San Juan Islands National Conservation Area is the best way to preserve, protect, enhance, and restore a landscape that is of local and national importance.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) to conserve, protect, and enhance for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations the ecological, scenic, wildlife, recreational, cultural, historical, natural, educational, and scientific resources of the National Conservation Area; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) listed as a threatened or endangered species on the list of threatened species or the list of endangered species published under section 4(c)(1) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (
SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
SEC. 4. SAN JUAN ISLANDS NATIONAL CONSERVATION AREA.
(a) Establishment- Subject to valid existing rights, there is established in the State of Washington the San Juan Islands National Conservation Area, consisting of approximately 1,000 acres of public land in the State of Washington, as generally depicted on the map entitled ‘Proposed San Juan Islands National Conservation Area’ and dated June 30, 2011.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act and in accordance with paragraph (2), the Secretary shall develop a comprehensive plan for the long-term management of the National Conservation Area.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) MOTORIZED VEHICLES- Except as needed for administrative purposes or to respond to an emergency, the use of motorized vehicles in the National Conservation Area shall be permitted only on roads designated by the management plan for the use of motorized vehicles.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) WILDLAND FIRE OPERATIONS- Nothing in this Act prohibits the Secretary, in cooperation with other Federal, State, and local agencies, as appropriate, from conducting wildland fire operations in the National Conservation Area, consistent with the purposes of this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) INVASIVE SPECIES AND NOXIOUS WEEDS- In accordance with any applicable laws and subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, the Secretary may prescribe measures to control nonnative invasive plants and noxious weeds within the National Conservation Area.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) provide access to the sites by members of Indian tribes for traditional cultural and customary uses, consistent with
(2) ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE CONSERVATION AREA- The fact that an activity or use on land outside the National Conservation Area can be seen or heard within the National Conservation Area shall not preclude the activity or use outside the boundary of the National Conservation Area.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may acquire non-Federal land within the boundaries of the National Conservation Area only through exchange, donation, or purchase from a willing seller.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) ESTABLISHMENT- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish an advisory council, to be known as the ‘San Juan Islands National Conservation Area Advisory Council’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(f) Incorporation of Acquired Land and Interests- Any land acquired by the United States after the date of enactment of this Act that is located in the National Conservation Area shall--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to valid existing rights, all Federal land (including interests in the Federal land) located in the National Conservation Area is withdrawn from--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) ADDITIONAL LAND- Any land acquired by the United States after the date of enactment of this Act that is located in the National Conservation Area shall be withdrawn from operation of the laws referred to in paragraph (1) on the date of acquisition of the land.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink