H.R.1145 - National Water Research and Development Initiative Act of 2009
To implement a National Water Research and Development Initiative, and for other purposes.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. NATIONAL WATER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE.
(a) Initiative and Purpose- The President shall implement a National Water Research and Development Initiative (in this Act referred to as the ‘Initiative’). The purpose of the Initiative is to improve the Federal Government’s role in designing and implementing Federal water research, development, demonstration, data collection and dissemination, education, and technology transfer activities to address changes in water use, quality, supply, and demand in the United States, including providing additional support to increase water supply through greater efficiency, conservation, and measures to abate water quality impairment.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall establish, or designate, an interagency committee to implement the Initiative under subsection (a). The Office of Science and Technology Policy shall chair the interagency committee.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) COMPOSITION- The interagency committee shall include a representative from each agency that conducts research related to water or has authority over resources that affect water supply and water quality, as well as a representative from the Office of Management and Budget.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) develop a National Water Research and Assessment Plan (in this Act referred to as the ‘plan’) in accordance with subsection (c) and in coordination with State, local, and tribal governments;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) encourage cooperation among Federal agencies and State, local, and tribal governments with respect to water-related research, development, and technological innovation activities to avoid duplication of effort and to ensure optimal use of resources and expertise;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(D) facilitate technology transfer, communication, and opportunities for information exchange with institutions of higher education, non-governmental organizations, State and local governments, tribal governments, industry, water resources managers, commercial end users, and other members of the stakeholder community through the office established in paragraph (4);CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(E) provide guidance on outreach to minority serving institutions that are eligible institutions under section 371(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (
(F) provide guidance on outreach to institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (
(G) encourage cooperation between Federal agencies, State and local governments, and tribal governments to develop standard methods for collecting, managing, and disseminating data on water;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) identify from each agency described in paragraph (2) the statutory or regulatory barriers preventing the use of any technology, technique, data collection method, or model that would contribute to greater availability of water resources in the United States through enhanced efficiency and conservation; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) IN GENERAL- Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall establish a National Water Initiative Coordination Office (in this Act referred to as the ‘Office’), with full-time staff, to--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(ii) serve as a point of contact on Federal water activities for government agencies, organizations, academia, industry, professional societies, public-private collaborations, commercial end users, and others to exchange technical and programmatic information; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(iii) communicate with the public, including through a publicly accessible website, on the findings and recommendations of the interagency committee based on the activities conducted pursuant to the Initiative.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) PLAN DEVELOPMENT- The plan required under subsection (b)(3)(A) shall establish the priorities for Federal water research, including federally funded research, and assessment for the 4-year period beginning in the year in which the plan is submitted to Congress. In the development of the plan, the interagency committee shall consider and utilize recommendations and information from State, local, and tribal governments and contained in reports that have addressed water research needs, including the 2007 report issued by the Subcommittee on Water Availability and Quality (SWAQ) of the National Science and Technology Council’s Committee on Environment and Natural Resources and recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(D) be subject to a 90-day public comment period as noticed on the Office’s website and shall address suggestions received and incorporate public input received, as appropriate; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) Implementation of a National Water Census, which shall include the collection of data on national water resources to create a comprehensive database that includes information about the quantity, availability, and quality of ground water and surface water resources.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) Development of a new generation of water monitoring techniques and technologies, including techniques and technologies that provide publicly generated data useful to water managers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(9) Improvement of hydrologic prediction models and their applications, including spatial and temporal variation in natural supply, watershed hydrology, human and ecological demand, and infrastructure.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(10) Analyses of the energy required to provide reliable water supplies and the water required to provide reliable energy supplies throughout the United States, including analyses of the amount, proximity, and type of water required for the production of alternative and renewable energy resources.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(13) Regional assessments of the status of water supplies and evaluation of potential changes in such status due to changes in land use, population size and distribution, and economic activity.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) maintaining water quality and enhancing energy efficiency of water treatment and delivery through the use of technologies or practices developed to address rural communities; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(17) Development of tools to assist local water resource managers in anticipating changing water availability and use patterns in the preparation of a strategic plan for sustainable future operations.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(18) Development of a program to offer technical and planning assistance to States, localities, and regions that use or are planning to use land conservation as a method to protect water quality, as well as an analysis of the impact of land conservation on watershed hydrology.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(19) Improvement of understanding of the impacts from chemical impairments, including contaminants of emerging concern, such as endocrine disrupting compounds, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products, on water supply and quality.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(24) Projection of long-term ice cover and water level outlook for major water bodies in the United States, including the Great Lakes, the potential impacts of the results of such projections on infrastructure, and resource management options based on such projections.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. BUDGET COORDINATION.
(a) In General- The President shall provide guidance to each Federal agency participating in the Initiative with respect to the preparation of requests for appropriations for activities related to the plan.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Consideration in the President’s Budget- The President shall submit, at the time of the President’s annual budget request to Congress, a description of those items in each agency’s budget which are elements of the plan or help to achieve the outcomes of the plan.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Evaluation- Not later than 30 days after the submission of the President’s annual budget request to Congress, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall write a letter to Congress evaluating the budget as it relates to Federal water research and the success of the interagency committee in meeting the outcomes listed in section 2(d).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 4. COORDINATION.
SEC. 5. ANNUAL REPORT.
Concurrent with the annual submission of the President’s budget to Congress, the President shall submit to Congress a report that describes the activities and results of the Initiative during the previous fiscal year and outlines the objectives for the next fiscal year. The report shall include detailed information on all programs and activities involved in the Initiative, including an analysis of progress towards achieving the outcomes listed in section 2(d) and the indicators used to measure such progress.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 6. NATIONAL WATER PILOT TESTING FACILITY FEASIBILITY STUDY AND REPORT.
(1) REQUIREMENT- The Comptroller General of the United States shall complete a study examining the feasibility and practicality of creating a national water pilot testing facility.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) examine the efforts of Federal agencies to establish testing facilities related to other technologies, including wind and solar, and the lessons learned from implementing these programs.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Report- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to Congress a report on the key findings of the study conducted under subsection (a).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 7. DOE WATER TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREASED ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTIVITIES.
SEC. 8. WASTEWATER AND STORMWATER REUSE TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
(a) In General- In consultation with the interagency committee, the Assistant Administrator for Research and Development at the Environmental Protection Agency shall establish a wastewater and stormwater reuse and recycling technology demonstration program, consistent with section 2(d)(3).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Activities- Under the program established in subsection (a), the Assistant Administrator shall develop and fund projects to demonstrate, evaluate, and test the techniques and technologies to reuse and recycle stormwater and wastewater at the building, site, neighborhood, and watershed scales for urban, industrial, agricultural, environmental, and recreational uses as well as to augment potable water supplies.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 9. WATER RESOURCE RESEARCH INSTITUTES.
‘(4) submit to the interagency committee under section 2(b) of the National Water Research and Development Initiative Act of 2009 a single, coordinated, annual report that identifies future water research needs.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(11) Technical research on prevention and removal of contaminants of emerging concern, including endocrine disrupting compounds, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products, in water resources.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 10. PILOT PROGRAM.
The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall establish a national pilot program exploring the use of energy audits of water related infrastructure to identify energy and water saving opportunities. As part of the program, each participating entity shall receive an Energy Star Benchmarking energy performance score to provide an initial screening of that entity, as well as an ongoing tracking measure to compare their energy performance against similar entities nationwide.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 11. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for coordination and outreach activities conducted under this Act through the Office established in section 2(b)(4)--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 12. STUDY.
Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall enter into an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences for a study on the impact of changes in snow pack, including snow pack from the Sierra Nevada, on water resources and its relation to water supply, including the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 13. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.
(B) that, due to such barrier to using such technology, technique, method, or model, contribute to the loss of jobs in rural or agricultural economies dependent on the greater availability of water resources in the United States;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) identifies the economic impacts of water diversions for water supply, conservation for fish species (including the Delta smelt), and water quality impairment in the San Joaquin Valley of California; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink