H.R.2638 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2008
Making appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008, and for other purposes. view all titles (12)
All Bill Titles
- Official: Making appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008, and for other purposes. as introduced.
- Short: Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2008 as passed house.
- Short: Border Infrastructure and Technology Modernization Act of 2007 as passed senate.
- Short: Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2008 as passed senate.
- Short: Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2008 as reported to house.
- Short: Border Law Enforcement Relief Act of 2007 as passed senate.
- Short: Border Security First Act of 2007 as passed senate.
- Short: Border Infrastructure and Technology Modernizat as passed senate.
- Short: Consolidated Security, Disaster Assistance, and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2009 as passed house.
- Short: Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2009 as passed house.
- Short: Disaster Relief and Recovery Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 as passed house.
- Short: Border Law Enfor as passed senate.
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Official Summary7/26/2007--Passed Senate amended. Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2008 - Title I: Department of Homeland Security Departmental Management and Operations - Makes appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2008 for the Offices of the Secretary, the
Official Summary7/26/2007--Passed Senate amended. Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2008 - Title I: Department of Homeland Security Departmental Management and Operations - Makes appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2008 for the Offices of the Secretary, the Under Secretary for Management, the Chief Financial Officer, the Chief Information Officer, the Federal Coordinator for Gulf Coast Rebuilding, and the Inspector General.
Withholds specified funds until the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary) certifies and reports to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees that DHS has revised its guidance with respect to relations with the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to specifically provide for expedited timeframes for providing GAO with access to records, interviews of program officials, and a significant streamlining of the review process for documents and interview requests.
Prohibits the use of specified funds to support or supplement the appropriations provided for the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology project (US-VISIT) or the Automated Commercial Environment.
Requires the Director of Operations Coordination to encourage rotating state and local fire service representation at the National Operations Center.
Requires the Inspector General to investigate and report to Congress on decisions and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) policy relating to formaldehyde in trailers in the Gulf Coast region, health and safety concerns of occupants of FEMA-supplied housing, and whether FEMA adequately addressed public health and safety issues of households to which FEMA provides disaster housing.
Title II: Security, Enforcement, and Investigations - Makes appropriations for FY2008 for:
(1) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), including for automated systems, border security fencing, infrastructure, and technology, and air and marine interdiction, operations, maintenance, and procurement, and construction;
(2) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), including for activities to promote awareness of the child pornography tipline, to reimburse other agencies for costs associated with the repatriation of smuggled illegal aliens, and to enforce laws against forced child labor and for the Federal Protective Service, automated systems, and construction;
(3) the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), including for aviation and surface transportation security, transportation threat assessment and credentialing, transportation security support, and Federal Air Marshals;
(4) the Coast Guard, including for environmental compliance and restoration, reserve training, acquisition, construction, and improvements, alteration of bridges, research, development, test, and evaluation, and retired pay; and
(5) the U.S. Secret Service, including for acquisition, construction, improvements, and related expenses.
Prohibits making funds available for procurements related to the acquisition of additional major assets as part of the Integrated Deepwater Systems program not already under contract until an Alternatives Analysis has been completed by an independent qualified third party. Directs the Secretary to submit an expenditure plan for the Program.
Title III: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery - Makes appropriations for FY2008 for:
(1) the immediate Office of the Under Secretary for National Protection and Programs, the National Protection Planning Office, support for operations, information technology, and facility costs;
(2) infrastructure protection and information security programs and activities;
(3) US-VISIT, with sums withheld until the Appropriations Committees receive and approve an expenditure plan prepared by the Secretary that includes specified elements;
(4) the Office of Health Affairs; and
(5) FEMA, including for grants to state and local governments for terrorism prevention activities, firefighter assistance grants, emergency management performance grants, the radiological emergency preparedness program, the U.S. Fire Administration, disaster relief and the disaster assistance direct loan program account, the Flood Map Modernization Fund, the National Flood Insurance Fund, the National Flood Mitigation Fund, the National Pre-Disaster Mitigation Fund, and emergency food and shelter.
(1) the Governors of West Virginia and Pennsylvania to be incorporated into efforts to integrate the activities of federal, state, and local governments in the National Capital Region;
(2) specified funds to be used to develop a web-based version of the National Fire Incident Reporting System that will ensure that fire-related data can be submitted and accessed by fire departments in real time; and
(3) the FEMA Administrator to update training practices relating to addressing health concerns of recipients of assistance from FEMA.
Title IV: Research and Development, Training, and Services - Makes appropriations for FY2008 for:
(1) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (CIS), including funding to address backlogs of security checks associated with pending applications and petitions;
(2) the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, including for acquisition, construction, improvements, and related expenses;
(3) Science and Technology, including for research, development, acquisition, and operations; and
(4) the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, including for research, development, testing, evaluation, and operations, and for systems acquisition and deployment. Makes specified sums available to support implementation of the Securing the Cities Initiative at the level requested in the President's budget.
Title V: General Provisions -
(Sec. 501)Provides that no part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall remain available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year unless expressly provided.
(Sec. 502)Prohibits funds provided in this Act from being available to carry out reorganization authority.
(Sec. 503)Provides that none of the funds provided by this Act, by previous appropriations Acts to the agencies in or transferred to DHS that remain available for obligation or expenditure in FY2008, or from any accounts in the Treasury derived by the collection of fees available to the agencies funded by this Act, shall be available for obligation or expenditure through a reprogramming of funds that:
(1) creates a new program;
(2) eliminates a program, project, office, or activity;
(3) increases funds for any program, project, or activity for which funds have been denied or restricted by Congress;
(4) proposes to use funds directed for a specific activity by either of the Senate or House Appropriations Committees for a different purpose; or
(5) enters into a contract for the performance of any function or activity for which funds have been appropriate for federal full-time equivalent positions unless those committees are notified 15 days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.
Limits reprogramming of funds and transfers among appropriations. Prohibits any reprogramming or transfers after June 30, 2008, except in extraordinary circumstances which imminently threaten the safety of human life or the protection of property.
(Sec. 504)Prohibits funds made available to DHS from being used to make payments to the DHS Working Capital Fund, except for activities and amounts allowed in the President's FY2008 budget, with exceptions.
(Sec. 505)Prohibits, except as otherwise specifically provided by law, more than 50% of unobligated balances remaining available at the end of FY2008 from appropriations for salaries and expenses for FY2008 in this Act from remaining available through September 30, 2009, in the account and for the purposes for which the appropriations were provided.
(Sec. 506)Deems funds made available by this Act for intelligence activities to be specifically authorized by Congress for purposes of the National Security Act of 1947 during FY2008 until the enactment of an Act authorizing intelligence activities for FY2008.
(Sec. 507)Designates the Federal Law Enforcement Training Accreditation Board to lead the federal law enforcement training accreditation process.
(Sec. 508)Prohibits the use of funds in this Act to make grant allocations, discretionary grant or contract awards, or to issue a letter of intent totaling in excess of $1 million, or to announce publicly the intention to make such awards unless the Secretary of DHS notifies the Appropriations Committees at least three full business days in advance. Requires the Administrator of FEMA to brief those committees five business days in advance of announcing publicly the intention of making an award of formula-based grants, law enforcement terrorism prevention grants, high-threat, high-density urban areas grants, or regional catastrophic preparedness grants.
(Sec. 509)Prohibits any agency from purchasing, constructing, or leasing any additional facilities, except within or contiguous to existing locations, to be used to conduct federal law enforcement training without the advance approval of the Appropriations Committees, with an exception.
(Sec. 510)Requires the Director of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center to schedule basic or advanced law enforcement training at all four training facilities under the Center's control to ensure that these centers are operated at the highest capacity throughout the fiscal year.
(1) the use of funds made available by this Act for expenses for construction, repair, alteration, or acquisition project for which a prospectus, if required, has not been approved, with an exception; and
(2) the use of funds in this Act in contravention of the Buy American Act.
(1) the obligation of funds for deployment or implementation of the Secure Flight program or other follow on or successor passenger prescreening program, on other than a test basis, until the Secretary has certified and the Government Accountability Office (GAO) has reported that specified requirements have been met; and
(2) during the testing phase, information gathered from passengers, foreign or domestic air carriers, or reservation systems from being used to screen aviation passengers, or delay or deny boarding to such passengers, except where passenger names are matched to a government watch list.
(Sec. 514)Prohibits the use of funds made available in this Act to amend the oath of allegiance required by the Immigration and Nationality Act.
(Sec. 515)Prohibits the use of funds appropriated by this Act to process or approve a competition under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76 for services provided as of June 1, 2004, by employees of CIS who are known as Immigration Information Officers, Contact Representatives, or Investigative Assistants.
(Sec. 516)Prohibits the availability of funds appropriated to the Secret Service for the protection of:
(1) the head of a federal agency other than the Secretary, unless the Director is fully reimbursed; and
(2) a federal official other than persons granted protection under the federal criminal code or the Secretary, but authorizes the Director to enter into an agreement to perform such protection on a fully reimbursable basis for protectees not designated.
(Sec. 517)Directs the Secretary to research, develop, and procure new technologies to inspect and screen air cargo carried on passenger aircraft at the earliest date possible. Requires existing checked baggage explosive detection equipment and screeners to be used to screen air cargo carried on such aircraft to be used to the greatest extent practicable at each airport until the new technologies are available. Requires TSA to report to the Appropriations Committees on air cargo inspection statistics by airport and air carrier.
(Sec. 518)Prohibits funds in this Act from being used:
(1) by any person other than the privacy officer appointed under the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (HSA) to alter, require changes to, delay, or prohibit the transmission of a privacy officer report to Congress; and
(2) to pay the salary of any employee serving as a contracting officer's technical representative (COTR) or acting in a similar capacity who has not received COTR training.
(Sec. 520)Makes any funds appropriated or transferred to TSA "Aviation Security," "Administration," and "Transportation Security Support" for FY2004-FY2007, which are recovered or deobligated, available only for procurement and installation of explosive detection systems for air cargo, baggage, and checkpoint screening systems, subject to notification.
(Sec. 522)Rescinds specified unobligated balances of DHS from Departmental Operations, the Office of State and Local Government Coordination, and the Working Capital Fund.
(Sec. 523)Makes funds appropriated to the Coast Guard for acquisition, construction, and improvements in FY2002-FY2006 for the 110-123 foot patrol boat conversion that are received as the result of negotiation, mediation, or litigation available until expended for the Replacement Patrol Boat program.
(Sec. 524)Continues operations of the DHS Working Capital Fund during FY2008.
(1) FEMA to submit a quarterly report to the Appropriations Committees detailing the allocation and obligation of funds for disaster relief; and
(2) the Secretary, at least quarterly, to obtain and report to those committees on obligation and expenditure data from agencies performing mission assignment. Exempts specified projects from precertification requirements.
(Sec. 526)Requires the Chief Financial Officer of DHS to submit to the Appropriations Committees a monthly budget and staffing report that includes total obligations and on-board versus funded full-time equivalent staffing levels and the number of contract employees by office.
(Sec. 527)Modifies a provision regarding undercover investigative operations authority of the Secret Service to make it applicable to FY2008.
(Sec. 528)Requires the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center instructor staff to be classified as inherently governmental for purposes of the Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act of 1998.
(Sec. 529)Prohibits the use of funds in this Act to alter or reduce operations within the Coast Guard's civil engineering program nationwide.
(Sec. 530)Amends the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to extend the date for implementation of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative until not later than three months after the Secretary of State and the Secretary make required certifications or June 1, 2009.
(Sec. 531)Amends the DHS Appropriations Act, 2007 to allow a state or political subdivision to adopt or enforce a regulation, requirement, or standard of performance regarding chemical facility security that is more stringent than the federal standard, unless there is an actual conflict.
(Sec. 532)Prohibits funds provided in this Act for the Office of the Chief Information Officer from being used for data center development other than for the National Center for Critical Information Processing and Storage until the Chief Information Officer certifies that the Center is fully utilized as DHS's primary data storage center at the highest capacity throughout the fiscal year.
(Sec. 533)Prohibits the use of funds in this Act to reduce the Coast Guard's Operations Systems Center mission or its government-employed or contract staff levels.
(Sec. 534)Permits the transfer of specified funds from prior year balances currently available to TSA to "Transportation Threat Assessment and Credentialing" for the Secure Flight program.
(Sec. 535)Provides specified disaster assistance for schools damaged by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
(Sec. 537)Modifies sexual abuse prohibitions under the federal criminal code to substitute references to the Attorney General with references to the head of any federal department or agency.
(Sec. 538)Directs the Secretary:
(1) to develop a plan for the control and management of Arundo donax (a tall perennial reed) along the portion of the Rio Grande River that serves as the international border between the United States and Mexico;
(2) and the DHS Inspector General to take specified actions regarding the establishment and maintenance of a direct link for individuals to anonymously report waste, fraud, or abuse; and
(3) to require that all DHS contracts that provide award fees link such fees to successful acquisition outcomes.
(Sec. 541)Prohibits the expenditure of funds made available to the Office of the Secretary and Executive Management under this Act for any new hires by DHS that are not verified through the basic pilot program of employment eligibility confirmation required under the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996.
(Sec. 542)Prohibits the use of funds made available in this Act for CBP or any agency or office within DHS to prevent an individual from importing a prescription drug from Canada if:
(1) such individual is not in the business of importing a prescription drug; and
(2) such drug complies with specified provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and is not a controlled substance or a biological product.
(Sec. 543)Prohibits the use of funds made available in this Act to:
(1) issue any rule or regulation which implements the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking related to Petitions for Aliens To Perform Temporary Nonagricultural Services or Labor;
(2) remove offenses from the list of criminal offenses disqualifying individuals from receiving a Transportation Worker Identification Credential; or
(3) make payments in connection with the failure to use competitive procedures to award contracts. Requires the Secretary, by December 31, 2008, to report to Congress on specified congressional initiatives not requested by the President in his budget for which sums were appropriated during FY2008.
(1) the President to ensure that operational control of all international land and maritime borders is achieved; and
(2) the Secretary to establish and demonstrate operational control of 100% of such borders. Authorizes CBP to:
(1) hire and train additional full-time agents for deployment along all international borders; and
(2) install along all such borders vehicle barriers, ground-based radar, and cameras and deploy unmanned aerial vehicles and supporting systems.
(Sec. 547)Makes specified funding available for an employment eligibility verification basic pilot program.
(Sec. 548)Directs the FEMA Administrator to authorize a large in-lieu contribution to the Peebles School in Iberia Parish, Louisiana for damages relating to Hurricanes Katrina or Rita.
(Sec. 549)Directs the Secretary to develop a national strategy on the use of closed circuit television to prevent and respond to terrorist acts.
(Sec. 550)Amends HSA to direct the Secretary to:
(1) regulate the purchase and sale of ammonium nitrate to prevent its misappropriation or use in a terrorist act;
(2) establish a threshold percentage for a substance to be treated as ammonium nitrate;
(3) establish a process by which ammonium nitrate facility owners and ammonium nitrate purchasers are required to register with DHS and are issued a registration number; and
(4) require facility owners to maintain a record of each sale or transfer of ownership of ammonium nitrate for two years.
Sets forth provisions regarding:
(1) exempting persons producing, selling, or purchasing ammonium nitrate exclusively for use as an explosive material under a federal explosives license;
(2) ensuring that access of agricultural producers to ammonium nitrate is not unduly burdened;
(3) restricting the disclosure of information obtained under this section;
(4) inspecting and auditing facility owner records to prevent the misappropriation of ammonium nitrate; and
(5) timely reporting of the theft or unexplained loss of ammonium nitrate.
(1) buying and taking possession of ammonium nitrate, or owning or operating an ammonium nitrate facility, without a registration number; or
(2) failing to comply with any requirement of this section. Prescribes a civil penalty. Sets forth provisions regarding protections from civil liability and preemption. Sets deadlines for regulations. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 552)Directs the Secretary to report to specified committees regarding the Secretary's plans relating to:
(1) implementing specified recommendations regarding the 2010 Vancouver Olympic and Paralympic Games; and
(2) the feasibility of implementing a program to prescreen individuals traveling by rail between Vancouver, Canada, and Seattle, Washington, during the Games while those individuals are in Vancouver.
(Sec. 553)Amends the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 to require the Secretary to construct reinforced fencing along not less than 700 miles of the southwest border and provide for the installation of additional physical barriers, roads, lighting, cameras, and sensors to gain operational control of the southwest border.
(Sec. 554)Directs DHS, through FEMA, to consider:
(1) implementation, through fair and open competition, of management, tracking, and accountability systems; and
(2) any efficiencies created through cooperative purchasing agreements.
(Sec. 555)Prohibits using funds in this Act to destroy or put out to pasture any horse belonging to the government that has become unfit for service unless the trainer or handler is first given the option to take possession through an adoption program that has safeguards against slaughter and inhumane treatment.
(Sec. 556)Modifies provisions of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 to direct the Secretary to establish an international registered traveler program that incorporates available technologies, such as biometrics, e-passports, and security threat assessments, to expedite the screening and processing of international travelers who enter and exit the United States. Permits the Secretary to impose a fee for the program. Directs the Secretary to establish a phased-implementation of a biometric-based international registered traveler program in conjunction with US-VISIT, other prescreening initiatives, and the Visa Waiver Program within DHS at U.S. airports with the highest volume of international travelers.
(Sec. 557)Directs TSA to report on implementation of the Performance Accountability and Standards System.
(Sec. 558)Directs the Comptroller General to study DHS's use of shared border management to secure the international borders of the United States.
(Sec. 559)Increases amounts authorized to be appropriated in the Border Law Enforcement Relief Act of 2007 for each of FY2008-FY2012.
(Sec. 560)Directs the Comptroller General to study the cost of fencing the southern border and report to specified committees.
(Sec. 561)Urges the President to request emergency spending that fully funds:
(1) existing interior and border security authorizations that have not been funded by Congress; and
(2) the border and interior security initiatives contained in the comprehensive immigration reform bill introduced in the Senate on June 18, 2007 (S. 1639).
(Sec. 562)Directs the Commissioner of CBP to report on the training of its personnel to effectively assist the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in monitoring our nation's food supply.
(Sec. 563)Directs the TSA Administrator to assess and report to Congress on the implementation of the voluntary provision of the Emergency Services Program. Allows the Administrator to conduct unannounced interviews to test air carrier employees and foreign air carriers responsible for registering law enforcement officers, firefighters, and emergency medical technicians as part of the program. Directs the Administrator to develop a mechanism on the TSA or DHS website by which first responders may report barriers to volunteering in the program.
(Sec. 564)Prohibits the use of funds made available by this Act to enter into a contractor award a grant in excess of $5 million unless the prospective contractor or grantee certifies that:
(1) the contractor or grantee has no unpaid federal tax assessments or has entered into an installment agreement or offer in compromise with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to resolve any unpaid assessments; or
(2) the liability for any unpaid assessments other than for income, estate, and gift taxes is the subject of a non-frivolous administrative or judicial appeal.
(Sec. 565)Directs the Secretary to work with officials of Florida and other states to resolve the differences between the Transportation Worker Identification Credential Program administered by TSA and existing state transportation facility access control programs.
(Sec. 566)Prohibits funds made available in this Act from being used for planning, testing, piloting, or developing a national identification card.
(Sec. 567)Amends the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 to authorize the use of fire department grants to fund fire prevention programs.
(Sec. 568)Expresses the sense of Congress that sufficient funds should be appropriated to allow the Secretary to increase the number of CBP personnel protecting the northern border by 1,517 officers and 788 agents.
(Sec. 569)Directs the Secretary to determine the areas along the U.S. international borders where federal and state law enforcement officers are unable to achieve radio communication or where such communication is inadequate and to develop a plan for enhancing such communication capability.
(Sec. 570)Allocates a specified sum to CIS for a benefits fraud assessment of the H-1B Visa Program.
(Sec. 571)Directs the Commandant of the Coast Guard to submit to Congress and make available on its website a report on the implementation and use of interagency operational centers for port security.
(Sec. 572)Increases sums appropriated for firefighter assistance grants. Reduces funding for infrastructure protection and information security.
(Sec. 573)Repeals a provision requiring the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) acquisition management system to apply to TSA acquisitions and authorizing system modifications by the Under Secretary of Transportation for Security.
(Sec. 574)Requires GAO to report on criteria and factors that DHS uses to determine the regional boundaries for Urban Area Security Initiative regions.
(Sec. 575)Permits the use of specified funds for a national emergency grant to address the effects of the May 4, 2007, Greensburg, Kansas, tornado to provide temporary public sector employment and professional municipal services necessary to coordinate disaster recovery, other specified services, and delivery of humanitarian assistance.
(Sec. 576)Directs the FEMA Administrator to report to specified committees and publish on its website a report regarding any presidential determination to declare a major disaster that summarizes damage assessment information used to determine whether to declare a major disaster.
(Sec. 577)Provides that if the Secretary establishes a National Transportation Security Center of Excellence, the Mineta Transportation Institute at San Jose State University may be included as a member institution.
(Sec. 578)Makes specified sums available for state and local law enforcement entities for security and related costs associated with the 2008 Democratic and Republican National Conventions.
Title VI: Border Law Enforcement Relief Act -
(Sec. 601)Border Law Enforcement Relief Act of 2007 - Authorizes the Secretary to award grants to a tribal, state, or local law enforcement agency located in a county within 100 miles of a U.S. border with Canada or Mexico, or in a county beyond 100 miles that has been certified by the Secretary as a high impact area, to provide assistance in addressing:
(1) criminal activity that occurs by virtue of proximity to the border; and
(2) the U.S. government's failure to adequately secure its borders. Authorizes appropriations.
Title VII: Border Infrastructure and Technology Modernization -
(Sec. 701)Border Infrastructure and Technology Modernization Act of 2007 - Directs the Secretary to:
(1) increase, during FY2009-FY2013, the number of agents and inspectors in ICE and CBP; and
(2) provide such agents and inspectors new technology training to a level of proficiency acceptable to protect U.S. borders.
Directs the Commissioner, every other year, to:
(1) review the Port of Entry Infrastructure Assessment Study and the nationwide strategy to prioritize and address infrastructure needs at land ports of entry prepared by DHS and the General Services Administration (GSA), update the assessment of the infrastructure needs of all U.S. land ports of entry, and submit an updated assessment to Congress; and
(2) implement the infrastructure and technology improvement projects in the order of priority assigned or forward the prioritized list to the GSA Administrator for implementation.
(Sec. 705)Directs the Secretary, annually, to prepare and submit to Congress a National Land Border Security Plan that includes a vulnerability assessment of each port of entry located on the U.S. northern and southern borders. Authorizes the Secretary to establish one or more port security coordinators at such ports.
Directs the Commissioner of CBP to:
(1) develop a plan to expand Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism programs along the U.S. northern and southern borders; and
(2) establish a demonstration program to develop a cooperative trade security system to improve supply chain security.
Directs the Secretary, acting through the Commissioner, to carry out a technology demonstration program to test and evaluate new port of entry technologies that enhance inspections and the detection of weapons of mass destruction and to train personnel in its use.
Division B: Border Security - Title X: Border Security Requirements -
(Sec. 1001)Border Security First Act of 2007 - Directs:
(1) the Secretary to establish and demonstrate operational control of 100% of the international land border between the United States and Mexico; and
(2) CBP Border Patrol to hire and train 23,000 full-time agents.
Requires CBP to:
(1) install along the border at least 300 miles of vehicle barriers, 700 linear miles of fencing, and 105 ground-based radar and camera towers; and
(2) deploy four unmanned aerial vehicles and supporting systems.
Directs the Secretary to detain all removable aliens apprehended crossing the border in violation of federal or state law, except as specifically mandated by federal or state law or humanitarian circumstances. Requires that ICE have the resources to maintain this practice, including the resources necessary to detain up to 45,000 aliens per day on an annual basis.
Requires the President to submit a report to Congress detailing progress made and to include specific actions that are or should be undertaken by the Secretary.
Authorizes appropriations for border security.
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