H.R.3159 - Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2012
To direct the President, in consultation with the Department of State, United States Agency for International Development, Millennium Challenge Corporation, and the Department of Defense, to establish guidelines for United States foreign assistance programs, and for other purposes.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. GUIDELINES FOR UNITED STATES FOREIGN DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE.
(a) Purpose- The purpose of this section is to evaluate the performance of United States foreign development assistance and its contribution to policy, strategies, projects, program goals, and priorities undertaken by the United States, to foster and promote innovative programs to improve the effectiveness of United States foreign development assistance, and to coordinate the monitoring and evaluation processes of Federal departments and agencies that administer United States foreign development assistance.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Establishment of Guidelines- Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall establish guidelines regarding the establishment of measurable goals, performance metrics, and monitoring and evaluation plans that can be applied with reasonable consistency to United States foreign development assistance. Such guidelines should be established according to best practices of monitoring and evaluation studies and analyses.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- The guidelines established under this section shall provide direction to Federal departments and agencies that administer United States foreign development assistance on how to develop the complete range of activities relating to the monitoring of resources, the evaluation of projects, the evaluation of program impacts, and analysis that is necessary for the identification of findings, generalizations that can be derived from those findings, and their applicability to proposed project and program design.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) Building measurable goals, performance metrics and monitoring and evaluation into program design at the outset, including the provision of sufficient program resources to conduct monitoring and evaluation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) Disseminating guidelines for the development and implementation of monitoring and evaluation programs to all personnel, especially in the field, who are responsible for the design, implementation, and management of United States foreign development assistance programs.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) Contributing to the collection and dissemination of knowledge and lessons learned to United States development professionals, implementing partners, the international aid community, and aid recipient governments, and as a repository of knowledge on lessons learned.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(F) Applying rigorous monitoring and evaluation methodologies, including choosing from among a wide variety of qualitative and quantitative methods common in the field of social scientific inquiry.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(G) Partnering with the academic community, implementing partners, and national and international institutions that have expertise in monitoring and evaluation and analysis when such partnerships will provide needed expertise or will significantly improve the evaluation and analysis.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(d) Implementation of Guidelines- Beginning not later than one year after the date on which the President establishes the guidelines under this section, the head of each Federal department or agency that administers United States foreign development assistance shall administer the United States foreign development assistance in accordance with the guidelines.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(e) Presidential Report- Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to Congress a report that contains a detailed description of the guidelines that have been developed on measurable goals, performance metrics, and monitoring and evaluation plans for United States foreign development assistance established under this section. The report shall be submitted in unclassified form to the maximum extent possible, but may include a classified annex.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that contains an analysis of the actions that the major Federal departments and agencies that administer United States foreign development assistance have taken to ensure that United States foreign development assistance program evaluation is planned, conducted, and utilized effectively; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(g) Evaluation Defined- In this section, the term ‘evaluation’ means, with respect to a United States foreign development assistance program, the systematic collection and analysis of information about the characteristics and outcomes of the program and projects under the program as a basis for judgments, to improve effectiveness, and to inform decisions about current and future programming.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. INTERNET WEBSITE TO MAKE PUBLICLY AVAILABLE COMPREHENSIVE, TIMELY, COMPARABLE, AND ACCESSIBLE INFORMATION ON UNITED STATES FOREIGN DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.
(a) Establishment; Publication and Updates- Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall direct the Secretary of State to establish and maintain an Internet website to make publicly available in unclassified form comprehensive, timely, comparable, and accessible information on United States foreign development assistance. The head of each Federal department or agency that administers United States foreign development assistance shall, not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, publish and on a quarterly basis update on the Internet website such information with respect to the United States foreign development assistance programs of such Federal department or agency.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) TYPES OF INFORMATION- To ensure transparency, accountability, and effectiveness of United States foreign development assistance, such information should include country assistance strategies, annual budget documents, congressional budget justifications, obligations, expenditures, and reports and evaluations, including those developed pursuant to the guidelines established by section 2, for United States foreign development assistance programs and projects under such programs. Each type of information described in this paragraph shall be published or updated on the Internet website not later than 90 days after the date of issuance of the information.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) the head of a Federal department or agency makes a determination that the inclusion of a required item of information on the Internet website would jeopardize the health or security of an implementing partner or program beneficiary; orCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) the Secretary of State makes a determination that the inclusion of a required item of information on the Internet website would be detrimental to the national interests of the United States,CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
then the head of such Federal department or agency or the Secretary of State, as the case may be, shall provide briefings to Congress on the item of information or submit to Congress the item of information in a written report in lieu of it being included on the Internet website, along with the reasons for it not being included on the Internet website. Any such item of information may be submitted to Congress in classified form.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) OLDER INFORMATION- For fiscal year 2017 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Internet website shall also contain a link to a searchable database available to the public containing information described in subsection (b) relating to fiscal years prior to the immediately preceding 5 fiscal years but subsequent to fiscal year 2010.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 4. CONGRESSIONAL BRIEFINGS IF REQUIREMENTS OF SECTION 3 ARE NOT MET.
If the information described in section 3(b) with respect to a United States foreign development assistance program is not provided as required under section 3, then the head of the relevant Federal department or agency shall provide briefings to the appropriate congressional committees, along with a detailed explanation of why the requirements for publication on the Internet have not been met and when they will be met, with respect to each month for which such information is not published on the Internet.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 5. OFFSET.
Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for United States foreign development assistance programs of a Federal department or agency that administers such programs for a fiscal year, up to 5 percent of such amounts are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act with respect to such programs for such fiscal year.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 6. DEFINITIONS.
(2) UNITED STATES FOREIGN DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE- The term ‘United States foreign development assistance’ means assistance primarily for purposes of foreign development and economic support, including but not limited to assistance authorized under--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
Clerk. 112th CONGRESS 2d Session H. R. 3159 AN ACT
H. R. 3159