H.R.3344 - Fraudulent Overseas Recruitment and Trafficking Elimination Act of 2013
To ensure that the provision of foreign assistance does not contribute to human trafficking and to combat human trafficking by requiring greater transparency in the recruitment of foreign workers.
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To ensure that the provision of foreign assistance does not contribute to human trafficking and to combat human trafficking by requiring greater transparency in the recruitment of foreign workers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
Mr. ROYCE introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and in addition to the Committees on Foreign Affairs and the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concernedCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
To ensure that the provision of foreign assistance does not contribute to human trafficking and to combat human trafficking by requiring greater transparency in the recruitment of foreign workers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
(1) FOREIGN LABOR CONTRACTING ACTIVITY- The term ‘foreign labor contracting activity’ means recruiting, soliciting, or related activities with respect to an individual who resides outside of the United States in furtherance of employment in the United States, including when such activity occurs wholly outside of the United States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) FOREIGN LABOR CONTRACTOR- The term ‘foreign labor contractor’ means any person who performs foreign labor contracting activity, including any person who performs foreign labor contracting activity wholly outside of the United States, except that the term does not include any entity of the United States Government.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) PERSON- The term ‘person’ means any natural person or any corporation, company, firm, partnership, joint stock company or association or other organization or entity (whether organized under law or not), including municipal corporations.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) WORKER- The term ‘worker’ means an individual who is the subject of foreign labor contracting activity and does not include an exchange visitor (as defined in section 62.2 of title 22, Code of Federal Regulations, or any similar successor regulation).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. ENSURING THAT FOREIGN ASSISTANCE DOES NOT CONTRIBUTE TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING.
‘(i) Prevention of Trafficking in Conjunction With Foreign Assistance- The United States Agency for International Development and the Department of State shall make reasonable efforts to incorporate anti-trafficking and anti-slavery priorities into other aspects of foreign assistance, including the maintenance of systems, such as appropriate supply chain monitoring, to ensure that assistance programs do not contribute to vulnerability to, or the prevalence of, human trafficking and slavery, consistent with this Act.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 4. TRANSPARENCY IN FOREIGN RECRUITING.
(a) Requirement for Disclosure- Any foreign labor contractor shall ascertain and disclose to each worker in writing in English and in the primary language of the worker at the time of the worker’s recruitment, the following information:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) The identity and address of the employer and the identity and address of the person conducting the recruiting on behalf of the employer, including any subcontractor or agent involved in such recruiting.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) All assurances and terms and conditions of employment, from the prospective employer for whom the worker is being recruited, including the work hours, level of compensation to be paid, the place and period of employment, a description of the type and nature of employment activities, and any penalties for terminating employment.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) An itemized list of any costs or expenses to be charged to the worker and any deductions to be taken from wages, including any costs for housing or accommodation, transportation to and from the worksite, meals, health insurance, workers’ compensation, costs of benefits provided, medical examinations, health care, tools, or safety equipment costs.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) The type of visa under which the foreign worker is to be employed, the length of time for which the visa will be valid, the terms and conditions under which the visa may be renewed, and a clear statement of any expenses associated with securing or renewing the visa.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) Whether and the extent to which workers will be compensated through workers’ compensation, private insurance, or otherwise for injuries or death, including work-related injuries and death, during the period of employment and, if so, the name of the State workers’ compensation insurance carrier or the name of the policyholder of the private insurance, the name and the telephone number of each person who must be notified of an injury or death, and the time period within which such notice must be given.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) no foreign labor contractor, agent, or employee of a foreign labor contractor, may lawfully assess any fee (including visa fees, processing fees, transportation fees, legal expenses, placement fees, and other costs) to a worker for any foreign labor contracting activity; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) no additional significant requirements or changes may be made to the original contract signed by the worker without at least 24 hours to consider such changes and the specific consent of the worker, obtained voluntarily and without threat of penalty; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(ii) any significant changes made to the original contract that do not comply with clause (i) shall be a violation of this Act and be subject to the provisions of section 10 of this Act; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) describing the protections afforded the worker by this section and by section 202 of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (
(b) Relationship to Labor and Employment Laws- Nothing in the disclosure required by subsection (a) shall constitute a legal conclusion as to the worker’s status or rights under any labor or employment law.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Prohibition on False and Misleading Information- No foreign labor contractor or employer who engages in any foreign labor contracting activity shall knowingly provide materially false or misleading information to any worker concerning any matter required to be disclosed under subsection (a). The disclosure required by this section is a document concerning the proper administration of a matter within the jurisdiction of a department or agency of the United States for the purposes of
SEC. 5. RECRUITMENT FEES.
No employer, foreign labor contractor, or agent or employee of a foreign labor contractor, shall assess any fee (including visa fees, processing fees, transportation fees, legal expenses, placement fees, and other costs) to a worker for any foreign labor contracting activity.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 6. REGISTRATION.
(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), prior to engaging in any foreign labor contracting activity, any person who is a foreign labor contractor or who, for any money or other valuable consideration paid or promised to be paid, performs a foreign labor contracting activity on behalf of a foreign labor contractor, shall obtain a certificate of registration from the Secretary of Labor pursuant to regulations promulgated by the Secretary under subsection (c).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) EXCEPTION FOR CERTAIN EMPLOYERS- An employer, or employee of an employer, who engages in foreign labor contracting activity solely to find workers for that employer’s own use, and without the participation of any other foreign labor contractor, shall not be required to register under this section.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) ANNUAL EMPLOYER NOTIFICATION- Each employer shall notify the Secretary, not less frequently than once every year, of the identity of any foreign labor contractor involved in any foreign labor contracting activity for, or on behalf of, the employer, including at a minimum, the name and address of the foreign labor contractor, a description of the services for which the foreign labor contractor is being used, whether the foreign labor contractor is to receive any economic compensation for the services, and, if so, the identity of the person or entity who is paying for the services.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) ANNUAL FOREIGN LABOR CONTRACTOR NOTIFICATION- Each foreign labor contractor shall notify the Secretary, not less frequently than once every year, of the identity of any subcontractor, agent, or foreign labor contractor employee involved in any foreign labor contracting activity for, or on behalf of, the foreign labor contractor.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) AGREEMENT- Not later than 7 days after receiving a request from the Secretary, an employer shall provide the Secretary with the identity of any foreign labor contractor with which the employer has a contract or other agreement.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(c) Regulations- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations to establish an efficient electronic process for the timely investigation and approval of an application for a certificate of registration of foreign labor contractors, including--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) a declaration, subscribed and sworn to by the applicant, stating the applicant’s permanent place of residence, the foreign labor contracting activities for which the certificate is requested, and such other relevant information as the Secretary may require;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) providing for the consent of any foreign labor contractor to the designation by a court of the Secretary as an agent available to accept service of summons in any action against the applicant, if the applicant has left the jurisdiction in which the action is commenced, otherwise has become unavailable to accept service, or is subject to personal jurisdiction in no State;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) providing for the consent of any foreign labor contractor to jurisdiction in any Federal or State court in the United States for any action brought by any aggrieved individual or worker;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(8) providing for consent to be liable for violations of this Act by any agents or subcontractors of any level in relation to the foreign labor contracting activity of the agent or subcontractor to the same extent as if the foreign labor contractor had committed the violation; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) REQUIREMENT FOR FEE- In addition to any other fees authorized by law, the Secretary shall impose a fee, to be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury, on a foreign labor contractor that submits an application for a certificate of registration under this section.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) AMOUNT OF FEE- The amount of the fee required by paragraph (1) shall be set at a level that the Secretary determines sufficient to cover the full costs of carrying out foreign labor contract registration activities under this Act, including worker education and any additional costs associated with the administration of the fees collected.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(f) Refusal To Issue; Revocation- In accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary, the Secretary shall refuse to issue or renew, or shall revoke and debar from eligibility to obtain a certificate of registration for a period of not greater than 5 years, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, a certificate of registration under this section if--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) the applicant for, or holder of, the certification is not the real party in interest in the application or certificate of registration and the real party in interest--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) any felony under State or Federal law or crime involving robbery, bribery, extortion, embezzlement, grand larceny, burglary, arson, violation of narcotics laws, murder, rape, assault with intent to kill, assault which inflicts grievous bodily injury, prostitution, peonage, or smuggling or harboring individuals who have entered the United States illegally; orCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) any crime relating to gambling, or to the sale, distribution or possession of alcoholic beverages, in connection with or incident to any labor contracting activities; orCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(g) Re-Registration of Violators- The Secretary shall establish a procedure by which a foreign labor contractor that has had its registration revoked under subsection (f) may seek to re-register under this subsection by demonstrating to the Secretary’s satisfaction that the foreign labor contractor has not violated this Act in the previous 5 years and that the foreign labor contractor has taken sufficient steps to prevent future violations of this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(h) Bonding Requirement- The Secretary is authorized to require a foreign labor contractor to post a bond in an amount sufficient to ensure the protection of workers recruited by the foreign labor contractor, and to establish, by regulation, the conditions under which the bond amount is determined, paid, and forfeited. Any bond requirements or the forfeiture of any bond under this subsection are in addition to other remedies under this Act or any other law.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 7. MAINTENANCE AND POSTING OF LISTS.
(3) provide such lists to the Secretary of State, who shall make such lists available in written form at, and on the websites of, each United States diplomatic mission in the official language of the host country.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 8. OBLIGATIONS OF UNITED STATES CONSULAR OFFICERS.
‘(s) A visa shall not be issued under the subparagraph (A)(iii), (B)(i) (but only for domestic servants described in clause (i) or (ii) of section 274a.12(c)(17) of title 8, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on December 4, 2007)), (G)(v), (H), (J), (L), (Q), or (R) of section 101(a)(15) until the consular officer--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) has provided to and reviewed with the applicant, in the applicant’s language (or a language the applicant understands), a copy of the information and resources pamphlet required by section 202 of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 (
8 U.S.C. 1375b); andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) has reviewed and made a part of the visa file the foreign labor recruiter disclosures required by section 4 of the Fraudulent Overseas Recruitment and Trafficking Elimination Act of 2013, as well as a notation of whether the foreign labor recruiter is registered pursuant section 6 of that Act.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 9. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE.
(a) Overseas Availability of Foreign Labor Contractor Lists- The Secretary of State shall make the lists required by section 7(a) publicly available in written form at, and on the websites of, each United States diplomatic and consular post in the official language of the host country.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) designate personnel at each such post who are responsible for receiving information regarding alleged violations of this Act by foreign labor contractors, and for conveying such information to the Secretary of Labor for potential use in a complaint or investigation pursuant to section 10; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) make publicly available on the website of each such post, in the official language of the host country, information on how to contact the personnel designated at that mission pursuant to paragraph (1).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 10. ENFORCEMENT PROVISIONS.
(1) shall establish a process for the receipt, investigation, and disposition of complaints filed by any person regarding the compliance of any employer or foreign labor contractor with this Act; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) either pursuant to the process required by paragraph (1) or otherwise, may investigate employers or foreign labor contractors, including actions occurring in a foreign country, as necessary to determine compliance with this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- A worker who believes that he or she has suffered harm from a violation of section 4 or 5 may seek relief from an employer or foreign labor contractor by--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) if the Secretary has not issued a final decision within 120 days of the filing of the complaint and there is no showing that such delay is due to the bad faith of the claimant, bringing an action at law or equity for de novo review in the appropriate district court of the United States, which shall have jurisdiction over such an action without regard to the amount in controversy.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) IN GENERAL- Unless otherwise provided herein, a complaint under paragraph (1)(A) shall be governed under the rules and procedures set forth in paragraphs (1) and (2)(A) of
(C) STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS- An action filed in a district court of the United States under paragraph (1)(B) shall be commenced not later than 180 days after the last day of the 120-day period referred to in that paragraph.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- If the Secretary finds, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, that any foreign labor contractor or employer failed to comply with any of the requirements of this Act, the Secretary may impose the following against such contractor or employer--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(d) Authority To Ensure Compliance- The Secretary is authorized to take other such actions, including issuing subpoenas and seeking appropriate injunctive relief and recovery of damages, as may be necessary to assure compliance with the terms and conditions of this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(e) Bonding- Pursuant to any bond required pursuant to section 6(h), bond liquidation and forfeitures shall be in addition to other remedies under this section or any other law.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary or any person aggrieved by a violation of this Act may bring a civil action against any foreign labor contractor that does not meet the requirements under subsection (g)(2) in any court of competent jurisdiction--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) SUMS RECOVERED- Any sums recovered by the Secretary on behalf of a worker under paragraph (1) or through liquidation of any bond held pursuant to section 6(h) shall be held in a special deposit account and shall be paid, on order of the Secretary, directly to each worker affected. Any such sums not paid to a worker because of inability to do so within a period of 5 years shall be credited as an offsetting collection to the appropriations account of the Secretary for expenses for the administration of this section and shall remain available to the Secretary until expended or may be used for enforcement of the laws within the jurisdiction of the wage and hour division or may be transferred to the Secretary of Health and Human Services for the purpose of providing support to programs that provide assistance to victims of trafficking in persons or other exploited persons. The Secretary shall work with any attorney or organization representing workers to locate workers owed sums under this section.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) REPRESENTATION- Except as provided in
(A) AWARD- If the court finds in a civil action filed by an individual under this section that the defendant has violated any provision of this Act (or any regulation issued pursuant to this Act), the court may award--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) damages, up to and including an amount equal to the amount of actual damages, and statutory damages of up to $1,000 per plaintiff per violation, or other equitable relief, except that with respect to statutory damages--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(I) multiple infractions of a single provision of this Act (or of a regulation under this Act) shall constitute only 1 violation for purposes of section 3(a) to determine the amount of statutory damages due a plaintiff; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) CRITERIA- In determining the amount of statutory damages to be awarded under subparagraph (A), the court is authorized to consider whether an attempt was made to resolve the issues in dispute before the resort to litigation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) BOND- To satisfy the damages, fees, and costs found owing under this subparagraph, the Secretary shall release as much of any bond held pursuant to section 6(h) as necessary.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(E) ACCESS TO LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Legal Services Corporation and recipients of its funding may provide legal assistance on behalf of any alien with respect to any provision of this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Beginning 180 days after the Secretary has promulgated regulations pursuant to section 6(c), an employer who retains the services of a foreign labor contractor shall only use those foreign labor contractors who are registered under section 6.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) each worker claiming harm for any violation of this Act was referred to the employer by a foreign labor contractor that had a valid registration with the Secretary pursuant to section 6 at the time of referral; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) prior to the initiation of any complaint or investigation under subsection (a), the employer did not fail to notify the Secretary of any violation of this Act by a foreign labor contractor of which the employer had actual knowledge.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) LIABILITY FOR AGENTS- Foreign labor contractors shall be subject to the provisions of this section for violations committed by the foreign labor contractor’s agents or subcontractors of any level in relation to their foreign labor contracting activity to the same extent as if the foreign labor contractor had committed the violation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- No person shall intimidate, threaten, restrain, coerce, discharge, or in any other manner discriminate or retaliate against any worker or their family members (including a former employee or an applicant for employment) because such worker disclosed information to any person that the worker reasonably believes evidences a violation of this section (or any rule or regulation pertaining to this section), including seeking legal assistance of counsel or cooperating with an investigation or other proceeding concerning compliance with this section (or any rule or regulation pertaining to this section).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) ENFORCEMENT- An individual who is subject to any conduct described in paragraph (1) may, in a civil action, recover appropriate relief, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs, with respect to that violation. Any civil action under this subparagraph shall be stayed during the pendency of any criminal action arising out of the violation.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- If other immigration relief is not available, the Attorney General and the Secretary shall grant advance parole to permit a nonimmigrant to remain legally in the United States for time sufficient to fully and effectively participate in all legal proceedings related to any action taken pursuant to this section.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink