S.2066 - Recreational Fishing and Hunting Heritage and Opportunities Act
A bill to recognize the heritage of recreational fishing, hunting, and shooting on Federal public land and ensure continued opportunities for those activities.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
(2) recreational anglers and hunters have been and continue to be among the foremost supporters of sound fish and wildlife management and conservation in the United States;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) recreational fishing and hunting are environmentally acceptable and beneficial activities that occur and can be provided on Federal public land and water without adverse effects on other uses or users;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) recreational anglers, hunters, and sporting organizations provide direct assistance to fish and wildlife managers and enforcement officers of the Federal Government as well as State and local governments by investing volunteer time and effort to fish and wildlife conservation;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) recreational anglers, hunters, and associated industries have generated billions of dollars of critical funding for fish and wildlife conservation, research, and management by providing revenues from purchases of fishing and hunting licenses, permits, and stamps, as well as excise taxes on fishing, hunting, and shooting equipment that have generated billions of dollars of critical funding for fish and wildlife conservation, research, and management;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(9) the public interest would be served, and the fish and wildlife resources of citizens of the United States benefitted, by action to ensure that opportunities are facilitated to engage in fishing and hunting on Federal public land as recognized by Executive Order 12962 (
SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
(B) EXCLUSION- The term ‘hunting’ does not include the use of skilled volunteers to cull excess animals (as defined by other Federal law, including laws applicable to the National Park System).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) RECREATIONAL SHOOTING- The term ‘recreational shooting’ means any form of sport, training, competition, or pastime, whether formal or informal, that involves the discharge of a rifle, handgun, or shotgun, or the use of a bow and arrow.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 4. HUNTING, RECREATIONAL FISHING, AND RECREATIONAL SHOOTING.
(a) In General- Subject to valid existing rights and subsection (g), and cooperation with the respective State and fish and wildlife agency, a Federal public land management official shall exercise the authority of the official under law, including provisions regarding land use planning, to facilitate use of and access to Federal public land for hunting, recreational fishing, and recreational shooting except as limited by--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) any other Federal law that specifically precludes hunting, recreational fishing, or shooting on specific Federal public land or water or units of Federal public land; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) discretionary limitations on hunting, recreational fishing, or recreational shooting determined to be necessary and reasonable as supported by the best scientific evidence and advanced through a transparent public process.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) PROVISION OF OPPORTUNITIES IN LAND PLANNING DOCUMENTS- Federal public land planning documents (including land resources management plans, travel management plans, resource management plans, and general management plans) shall provide for opportunities to engage in hunting, recreational fishing, and recreational shooting, except as determined to be clearly inconsistent with or incompatible with the purposes for which the applicable unit of Federal public land is to be managed.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) IN GENERAL- No action taken under this section (other than an action under subsection (d)(2) or (g)) or under section 4 of the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (
(ii) LIMITATION- No additional identification, analysis, or consideration of environmental effects (including cumulative effects) shall be necessary or required with respect to an action described in clause (i).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(i) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in clause (ii), Federal public land management officials shall not be required to consider the existence or availability of hunting, recreational fishing, or recreational shooting opportunities on adjacent or nearby public land or private land for purposes of--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(ii) ENHANCED OPPORTUNITIES- Federal public land management officials may consider the opportunities described in clause (i) if the coordination of those opportunities would enhance the hunting, recreational fishing, or recreational shooting opportunities available to the public.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) USE OF VOLUNTEERS- If hunting is prohibited by law, a Federal public land planning document described in paragraph (1)(A) of an agency shall, after appropriate coordination with the appropriate State fish and wildlife agency, allow the participation of skilled volunteers in the culling and other management of wildlife populations on Federal public land unless the head of the agency demonstrates, based on the best scientific data available or applicable Federal law, why skilled volunteers should not be used to control overpopulation of wildlife on the land that is the subject of the planning document.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) IN GENERAL- Land under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management or the Forest Service (including land designated as wilderness or administratively classified as wilderness eligible or suitable and primitive or semiprimitive areas, but excluding land on the outer Continental Shelf) shall be open to hunting, recreational fishing, or recreational shooting unless the managing Federal agency acts to close land to such activity.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) CLOSURE OR RESTRICTIONS- Land described in subparagraph (A) may be subject to closures or restrictions if determined by the head of the agency to be necessary and reasonable and supported by facts and evidence for purposes such as resource conservation, public safety, energy or mineral production, energy generation or transmission infrastructure, water supply facilities, protection of other permittees, protection of private property rights or interests, national security, or compliance with other law.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) LIMITATION ON LIABILITY- Any designation under subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not subject the United States to any civil action or claim for monetary damages for injury or loss of property or personal injury or death caused by any recreational shooting activity occurring at or on the designated Federal public land.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- The provision of opportunities for hunting, recreational fishing, and recreational shooting, and the conservation of fish and wildlife to provide sustainable use recreational opportunities on designated wilderness areas on Federal public land shall constitute measures necessary to meet the minimum requirements for the administration of a wilderness area.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) means that any requirements under this Act shall be implemented only to the extent that the activities do not prevent Federal public land management officials and State fish and wildlife officials from carrying out and facilitating the original or primary purpose or purposes for which the unit was established; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) does not authorize or facilitate commodity development, use, or extraction, motorized recreation access, or comparable non-hunting, fishing and trapping activities.’.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(f) Report- Not later than October 1 of every other year, beginning with the second October 1 after the date of enactment of this Act, the head of each Federal agency who has authority to manage Federal public land on which hunting, recreational fishing, or recreational shooting occurs shall submit to the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate a report that describes--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) any Federal public land administered by the agency head that was closed to hunting, recreational fishing, or recreational shooting at any time during the preceding year; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Other than closures established or prescribed by land planning actions referred to in subsection (d)(1)(B) or emergency closures described in paragraph (3), a permanent or temporary withdrawal, change of classification, or change of management status of Federal public land or water that effectively closes or significantly restricts 640 or more contiguous acres of Federal public land or water to access or use for hunting or recreational fishing or activities related to hunting or recreational fishing shall take effect only after the head of the Federal agency that has jurisdiction over the Federal public land or water--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) submits to the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate written notice of the withdrawal or change.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) AGGREGATE OR CUMULATIVE EFFECTS- If the aggregate or cumulative effect of separate withdrawals or changes effectively closes or significant restrictions affects 1,280 or more acres of land or water, the withdrawals and changes shall be treated as a single withdrawal or change for purposes of paragraph (1).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) IN GENERAL- Nothing in this Act prohibits a Federal land management agency from establishing or implementing emergency closures or restrictions of the smallest practicable area of Federal public land to provide for public safety, resource conservation, national security, or other purposes authorized by law.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) TERMINATION- An emergency closure under subparagraph (A) shall terminate after a reasonable period of time unless the temporary closure is converted to a permanent closure consistent with this Act.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) IN GENERAL- Nothing in this Act requires a Federal agency to give preference to hunting, recreational fishing, or recreational shooting over other uses of Federal public land or over land or water management priorities established by other Federal law.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM- Nothing in this Act amends or modifies the provisions of the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (
(i) Consultation With Councils- In carrying out this Act, the head of a Federal agency shall consult with the appropriate Council established under Executive Order 12962 (
(1) IN GENERAL- Nothing in this Act interferes with, diminishes, or conflicts with the authority, jurisdiction, or responsibility of any State to manage, control, or regulate fish and wildlife under State law (including regulations) on land or water within the State, including on Federal public land.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), nothing in this Act authorizes the head of a Federal agency to require a license, fee, or permit to fish, hunt, or trap on land or water in a State, including on Federal public land in the States.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink