S.655 - Urban Jobs Act of 2013
A bill to amend the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 to authorize the Secretary of Labor to provide grants for Urban Jobs Programs, and for other purposes.
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Mrs. GILLIBRAND (for herself, Mr. FRANKEN, Mr. LAUTENBERG, and Ms. WARREN) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and PensionsCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
(1) Every school day, nearly 7,000 students become dropouts. Annually, that dropout rate results in about 1,200,000 students not graduating from high school with their peers as scheduled. Lacking a high school diploma, those individuals will be far more likely than graduates to spend their lives periodically unemployed, on government assistance, or cycling in and out of the prison system.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) about 42 percent of Hispanic students, 43 percent of African-American students, and 46 percent of American Indian students will not graduate on time with a regular high school diploma; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) Among all races and ethnicities, males graduate from high school at a lower rate than their female peers do. Among all students, 68 percent of males and 75 percent of females graduate.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) According to a report by the College Board Advocacy & Policy Center, one of the most unfortunate destinations for high school dropouts, students, and graduates age 18 to 24 is incarceration in Federal or State prisons or local jails. Since 2000, the number of individuals in the 18 to 24 age group who are incarcerated at the Federal, State, and local levels has risen from about 1,400,000 in 2000 to about 1,600,000 in 2008. Over 475,000 individuals in that age group were incarcerated in 2008, with males accounting for 92.4 percent of all those individuals. In contrast, only 36,000 women in the same age group (7.6 percent) were incarcerated in 2008.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) High school graduation rates are significantly lower in school districts with higher percentages of students in poverty, measured as students who are eligible for free or reduced price lunches.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(7) According to a 2010 National Center for Education Statistics report, high school students from low-income families drop out of high school at 6 times the rate of their peers from high-income families.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(10) According to the Department of Labor, each year approximately 650,000 persons are released from Federal and State prisons. Those ex-prisoners do not return to communities evenly distributed across the United States, but rather return disproportionately to high-poverty communities characterized by high rates of joblessness, crime, and drug abuse.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(11) The unemployment rate among ex-prisoners has been estimated to be between 25 and 40 percent. An estimated 19 percent of adults in State prisons are functionally illiterate. Over half of State parole entrants are not high school graduates, and about 11 percent of the entrants have only an eighth grade education or less.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Purpose- It is the purpose of this Act to provide adequate resources for national or regional nonprofit organizations to prevent and reduce the disproportionate incarceration of eligible youth, especially minority youth, and to prepare eligible youth for entry into employment, or education leading to employment, that places participants on a path to economic self-sufficiency and provides opportunities for advancement, by providing a comprehensive set of services that includes job training, education, and support services.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. URBAN JOBS PROGRAMS.
‘SEC. 173B. URBAN JOBS PROGRAMS.
‘(1) To establish a feeder system for youth ages 18 through 24, who are out-of-school youth or are or have been subject to the criminal justice process, in urban communities, into employment, or education leading to employment, through national or regional intermediaries that have demonstrated effectiveness in conducting outreach to, and serving, eligible youth through a national or regional network of community-based affiliates.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) To provide a holistic approach for preparing eligible youth in urban communities for entry into employment, or education leading to employment, through a comprehensive set of services.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) GRANTS- The Secretary is authorized to make grants, on a competitive basis, to national or regional intermediaries for the purpose of carrying out Urban Jobs Programs that provide a comprehensive set of services to eligible youth in urban communities to provide such youth with a pathway to employment, or education leading to employment.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(A) FORM AND PROCEDURE- To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection, a national or regional intermediary shall submit an application at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(V) increased attainment of industry-recognized certificates or credentials, or preparation for entry into an institution of higher education without need for further remediation;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(II) creation of goals (such as the attainment described in clause (ii)(III), attainment of employment, admission to or completion of a degree at an institution of higher education, attainment of industry-recognized certificates or credentials, or preparation for entry into an institution of higher education without need for further remediation);CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(v) a description of activities to be provided through the Urban Jobs Program that lead to the attainment of industry-recognized certificates or credentials described in paragraph (3).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(3) ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES- A national or regional intermediary that receives a grant under this subsection shall use the funds made available through the grant to carry out an Urban Jobs Program, which shall include the following comprehensive set of services:CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(B) Educational services, including skill assessment, reading and math remediation, educational enrichment, services involving preparation for and opportunities for attainment of the recognized equivalent of a high school diploma, services that connect to career pathways such as opportunities for attainment of industry-recognized certificates or credentials or for preparation for entry into an institution of higher education without the need for further remediation, and postsecondary education.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(C) Employment and job readiness activities, including mentoring, community service opportunities, internships, on-the-job training, occupational skills training, personal development, and unsubsidized jobs.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(D) Support services, health and nutrition service referral, substance abuse counseling and treatment, and provision of housing assistance, interpersonal and basic living skills, and transportation, child care, clothing, and other assistance as needed.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(4) LIMITATION- Not more than 2 percent of the funds appropriated for any fiscal year under section 174(d) may be used for expenses associated with carrying out this subsection.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than August 1 following each program year for which amounts are made available to carry out this section, the Secretary of Labor shall submit to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, a report that details the progress made under this section in establishing Urban Jobs Programs through national or regional intermediaries.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary of Labor shall establish a committee to be known as the National Jobs Council Advisory Committee (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Committee’).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(A) 3 individuals from the private sector, who are senior human resources or diversity employees with national or regional responsibilities, and who have experience in oversight that includes hiring, employee training, or overseeing employee relations;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(3) PERIOD OF APPOINTMENT; VACANCIES- Members shall be appointed for the life of the Committee. Any vacancy in the Committee shall not affect the powers of the Committee, but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(A) TRAVEL EXPENSES- The members of the Committee shall not receive compensation for the performance of services for the Committee, but shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services for the Committee. Notwithstanding
section 1342 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary may accept the voluntary and uncompensated services of members of the Committee.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(B) DETAIL OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES- Any Federal Government employee may be detailed to the Committee without reimbursement, and such detail shall be without interruption or loss of civil service status or privilege.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) a community-based affiliate receiving funding under this section should establish a local jobs council advisory committee to aid in establishing support from the local community for and guiding the local implementation of the program; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink