Congressional staff retention

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Contents

Introduction

This research is being performed by the Sunlight Foundation's policy office. We're looking into staff salaries over time.

Raw Data

House Surveys

ICF International (Fairfax Office) -- Report team leader: Dr. Candace Blair Cronin

Congressional Management Foundation

  • 2004 House Staff Employment Study (available from CMF)
  • 2002 House Staff Employment Survey (available here
  • 2000 House Staff Employment Study (available from multiple locations)
  • 1998 House Staff Employment Study (available from multiple locations)
  • 1996 House staff employment : salary, tenure, demographics, and benefits (available from multiple locations)
  • "Working in Congress: The Staff Perspective" (1995) (available from CMF)
  • 1994 U.S. House of Representatives employment practices : a study of staff salary, tenure, demographics and benefits (available here)
  • 1992 U.S. House of Representatives employment practices : a study of staff salary, tenure, demographics and benefits (available from multiple locations)
  • 1990 U.S. House of Representatives employment practices : a study of staff salary, tenure and demographics (available from multiple locations)
  • Setting course : a congressional management guide (1988)
  • U.S. House of Representatives: 1987 job description, salary and staff benefits survey (1987) (available from UC Berkeley)
  • Setting course: a congressional management guide (1986)
  • Setting course: a congressional management guide (1984

Senate Surveys

ICF International (Fairfax Office) -- Report team leader: Dr. Candace Blair Cronin

  • 2006 Senate Study, "2006 U.S. Senate Employment, Compensation, Hiring and Benefits Study"

Congressional Management Foundation

  • "Senate Salary, Tenure & Demographic Data: 1991-2001" (available from CMF)
  • "2001 Senate Staff Employment Study" (available from CMF)
  • 1999 Senate staff employment study (available from multiple locations)
  • 1997 Senate staff employment : salary, tenure, demographics, and benefits (available from multiple locations)
  • Senate staff employment : 1995 salaries, tenure, demographics and benefits (available from multiple locations)
  • "Working in Congress: The Staff Perspective" (1995) (available from CMF)
  • 1993 U.S. Senate employment practices : a study of staff salary, tenure, demographics and benefits (available from Kansas State Library and Georgetown)
  • 1991 U.S. Senate employment practices : a study of staff salary, tenure, demographics and benefits (available from multiple locations)
  • U.S. Senate : 1988 staff position, salary and benefits survey (available from UC Berkeley)

Other Resources

Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress Final Report (1993)

  • See in particular "Congressional Staff and Management: Historical Overview"
  • See in particular "Congressional Staff and Management: Summary of Hearings on Congressional Staff and Management"

The Obey Commission Report (1978)

  • "Background Information on Administrative Units, Members' Offices, and Committees and Leadership Offices," Commission on Administrative Review, U.S. House of Representatives, June 30, 1977, House Document No. 95-178, 95th Congress, 1st session
  • "Administrative Reorganization and Legislative Management: Volume 1" Commission on Administrative Review, U.S. House of Representatives, September 28, 1977, House Document No. 95-232, 95th Congress, 1st session
  • "Administrative Reorganization and Legislative Management: Volume 2" Commission on Administrative Review, U.S. House of Representatives, September 28, 1977, House Document No. 95-232, 95th Congress, 1st session
  • "Final Report of the Commission on Administrative Review: Volume 1," Commission on Administrative Review, U.S. House of Representatives, December 31, 1977, House Document No. 95-272, 95th Congress, 1st session
  • "Final Report of the Commission on Administrative Review: Volume 2," Commission on Administrative Review, U.S. House of Representatives, December 31, 1977, House Document No. 95-272, 95th Congress, 1st session
  • Congressional Management Foundation Report "How Citizen Advocacy is Changing Mail Operations on the Hill" (2011)

Sunlight Blog Posts

  • "When It Comes to Pay, All Feds Aren't Created Equal" 12/6/12
  • "How House Operating Budget Cuts are Paving the Way for More Special Interest Influence" 1/17/2012
  • "Congress's Diminishing Budget Strengthens Lobbyist Influence" 9/14/2011
  • "Report Ties Financial Industry Lobbying to the Financial Crisis" 8/11/2011
  • "The Incredible Shrinking Congress: Budget Bill Diminishes Legislative Capacity" 7/7/2011
  • "Explore the House's Expenditures" 4/28/2010
  • "Is it better for lobbyists to be smart or well connected" 3/3/2011
  • "Sunlight Creates Database of Members’ Expenditures" 12/2/2009
  • "What’s The Average Salary of House Staff?" 12/2/2009
  • "Are House staff salaries set to avoid the post-employment lobbying ban?" 12/7/2009
  • "Are staff salaries correlated with a Representative’s tenure?" 12/7/2009
  • "The Going Rate for Senior Senate Staff" 12/18/2009

Academic Research and Other Studies

  • "Life in Congress: Aligning Work and Life in the U.S. House and Senate," Congressional Management Foundation (October 2012)
  • "Three's Company: Wall Street, Capitol Hill, and K Street," IMF (This is a DRAFT, check back for final version) (January 2011)
  • "Former Lobbyists Working for Congress Outnumber Elected Lawmakers," Legistorm, (September 2011)
  • "From Hired Guns to Hired Hands: 'Reverse Revolvers' in the 111th and 112th Congresses," Center for Responsive Politics (July 12, 2011)
  • "Is it Whom You Know or What You Know? An Empirical Assessment of the Lobbying Process," National Bureau of Economic Research (February 2011)
  • "A Fistful of Dollars: Lobbying and the Financial Crisis," from IMF (2009)
  • Discussion Paper "Revolving Door Lobbyists" from Centre for Economic Performance (August 2010)
  • "A Matter of Trust: How the Revolving Door Undermines Public Confidence in Government" Revolving Door Working Group (October 2005)

Other

Searchable database of federal employees (including salaries, titles, etc.)

"Reports Obscure House Expenses" Roll Call (1/26/2009)

"Federal officials fight back over criticism about salaries" Washington Post (8/17/2010)

"Independent analysis of federal and private salary data needed" Gov Central (3/17/2010)

"Congressional staffers, public shortchanged by high turnover, low pay" Washington Times (6/6/2012)

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