Employment discrimination legislation (U.S.)

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This page consists of legislation in the U.S. Congress regarding discrimination in the work place.

Contents

Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2007 (H.R.2831)

On June 22, 2007, Rep. George Miller (D-Calif.) introduced the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2007 (H.R.2831) as a response to a May 29, 2007 Supreme Court decision regarding protections against wage discrimination.[1] As of July 2007, the bill had 93 cosponsors in the House.[2]


On July 31, 2007, the bill passed the House by a vote of 225-199.


Same for all scorecards:

Scored vote

Scorecard: AFSCME 2007 House Scorecard

Org. position: Aye

Description:

"The House approved the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2007 (H.R. 2831), a bill that would reverse a Supreme Court decision limiting the time that workers have to sue their employers for pay discrimination."

(Original scorecard available at: http://www.afscme.org/legislation-politics/19812.cfm)

Scored vote

Scorecard: Americans for Democratic Action 2007 House Scorecard

Org. position: Aye

Description:

"Passage of a bill responding to the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire Company, which said that charges of wage discrimination must be filed within 180 days of the initial discriminatory act, regardless of whether the employee had any idea that he or she was being discriminated against. The bill would amend the 1964 Civil Rights Act to allow employees to file charges of pay discrimination within 180 days of their receipt of a paycheck affected by the alleged discriminatory decision. The bill would also clarify that an employee is entitled to up to two years of back-pay if it is determined that discrimination occurred."

(Original scorecard available at: http://www.adaction.org/pages/publications/voting-records.php)

Scored vote

Scorecard: U.S. Chamber of Commerce 2007 House Scorecard

Org. position: {{{Vote position 3}}}

Description:

"Despite strong opposition by the Chamber, the House passed 225-199, H.R. 2831, the Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. This bill would amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and several other anti-discrimination laws to effectively abolish the statute of limitations in many cases. H.R. 2831 is purported to overturn the Supreme Court’s recent decision in Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., which rejected the “paycheck theory” of compensation discrimination that would have permitted claims to be filed many years after an alleged act of discrimination occurs. If signed into law, H.R. 2831 would not only reverse this commonsense decision, but it could be applied broadly and create a situation where claims could be fi led decades after an allegedly discriminatory act occurred. This legislation is now awaiting action in the Senate. The Chamber will continue to oppose this wrongheaded approach and work to preserve the intent of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act."

(Original scorecard available at http://www.uschamber.com/issues/legislators/07htv_house.htm

Scored vote

Scorecard: National Journal 2007 House Scorecard

Org. position: {{{Vote position 4}}}

Description:

"Reverse a recent Supreme Court decision that limited employees' rights to sue for pay discrimination. July 31. (225-199)"

(Original scorecard available at http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings/house_votes.htm

The bill went on to the Senate where an attempt to invoke cloture on April 23, 2008 failed by a vote of 56-42.

Same for all scorecards:

Scored vote

Scorecard: Americans for Democratic Action 2008 Senate Scorecard

Org. position: Aye

Description:

"Motion to invoke cloture, limit debate, and vote on a bill to amend the 1964 Civil Rights Act and allow employees to file charges of pay discrimination within 180 days of receipt of the last received paycheck affected by the alleged discriminatory decision (in effect undoing the Supreme Court’s Ledbetter decision)."

(Original scorecard available at: http://www.adaction.org/pages/publications/voting-records.php)

Scored vote

Scorecard: National Journal 2008 Senate Scorecard

Org. position: Nay

Description:

"Limit debate on a measure expanding women's right to sue for wage discrimination. April 23. (56-42; 60 votes required to invoke cloture. Reid voted no so that he could subsequently move to reconsider the vote.)"

(Original scorecard available at: http://www.nationaljournal.com/njmagazine/cs_20090228_4813.php)

Employment Non-Discrimination Act

Summary (how summaries work)

The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) would extend anti-discrimination employment protections to gay, lesbian and bisexual workers.

In 2007, during the 110th Congress, two variations on the bill were introduced in the House of Representatives. Both bills would provide protections like those granted by the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibits employer discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. The first bill, H.R.2015, provides an inclusion of gender identity protection. The second, H.R.3685, does not include protections for gender-related identity. On November 7, 2007, the House approved H.R. 3685.

Main article: Employment Non-Discrimination Act (U.S.)


Articles and resources

See also

  1. Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009

References

  1. Caroline Fredrickson, "In Praise of the Paycheck Fix," Huffington Post, July 12, 2007.
  2. THOMAS: H.R.2831

External resources

External articles

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