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|This is a profile of a former U.S. Representative. (See the Arizona portal for all incumbents, candidates and blogs.)|
Record and controversies
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Giffords was born in Tucson, Arizona in 1970. Giffords graduated from University High School (Tucson). She received a B.A. in Sociology and Latin American History from Scripps College, in Claremont, California, in 1993, and a Masters of Regional Planning from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York in 1996. Giffords was a Fulbright Scholar and a fellow at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. She later operated her own business and investment capital firm in the Tucson area. 
Giffords began her career as a legislator in the Arizona House of Representatives, where she served from 2000 to 2002. Giffords was elected to the Arizona Senate in the fall of 2002 and is the youngest woman ever elected to this body. She took office in January of 2003 and was re-elected in 2004. She resigned from the Arizona Senate on December 1, 2005, in preparation for her congressional campaign.
Giffords is married to astronaut Mark E. Kelly, a veteran of two shuttle missions. Kelly was the pilot for space shuttle mission STS-121 in 2006. STS-121 included the first shuttle launch on the Fourth of July. Giffords participated in a NASA tradition when she selected "Beautiful Day," by U2 as one of the wake-up calls for the shuttle crew.
Giffords is an avid reader and was featured on NPR's Weekend Edition on July 9 2006. She discussed books she was currently reading. These included: First Man, a biography of astronaut Neil Armstrong and The Heartless Stone, a book that exposes unsavory aspects of the diamond industry.
After Hurricane Katrina struck in the late summer of 2005, Giffords spent time as a volunteer in Houston, Texas, helping those displaced by the storm. She wrote about her experience in the Tucson Citizen. 
Giffords announced her intention to run for Congress on January 24, 2006. The launch was attended by hundreds of people including leading Tucson residents and politicians. Giffords’ campaign was endorsed by many prominent Democrats, such as former Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle (D-S.D.) and former Clinton Labor Secretary Robert Reich. The top American political action committee, Emily's List, endorsed Giffords as well . On September 12, 2006, Giffords won her party's nomination in the Democratic primary. The Republican primary winner was Randy Graf, a conservative who is backed by the Club for Growth.
Giffords defeated Graf in the election to take control of the seat formerly held by Rep. Jim Kolbe, who retired.
|This information was gathered by volunteer researchers as part of the Superdelegate Transparency Project on the superdelegates for the 2008 Democratic presidential primary. For more info see the Arizona superdelegate tracker or visit the STP homepage.|
Money in politics
This section contains links to – and feeds from – money in politics databases. For specific controversies, see this article's record and controversies section.
|Top Contributors to during the 2008 Election Cycle|
|Donor||Amount (US Dollars)|
|AmeriPAC: The Fund for a Greater America||$ 15,000|
|Apollo Group||$ 10,000|
|BRIDGE PAC||$ 10,000|
|PAC to the Future||$ 10,000|
|Turbine Services Ltd||$ 7,500|
|University of Arizona||$ 6,500|
|Raytheon Co||$ 6,250|
|Democrats Win Seats PAC||$ 6,000|
|Boeing Co||$ 5,500|
|Source: The Center for Responsive Politics' www.OpenSecrets.org site.|
Note: Contributions are not from the organizations themselves, but are rather from
the organization's PAC, employees or owners. Totals include subsidiaries and affiliates.
|Links to more campaign contribution information for Gabrielle Giffords
from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org site.
|Fundraising profile:||2008 election cycle||Career totals|
|Top contributors by organization/corporation:||2008 election cycle||Career totals|
|Top contributors by industry:||2008 election cycle||Career totals|
- Revolving door profile for Gabrielle Giffords from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org website.
- 2006 privately funded travel profile for Gabrielle Giffords from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org website.
- Personal finance profile for Gabrielle Giffords from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org website.
Committees and Affiliations
- House Committee on Armed Services
- Subcommittee on Air and Land Forces
- Subcommittee on Readiness
- House Committee on Foreign Affairs
- Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere
- House Committee on Science and Technology
- Subcommittee on Environment and Energy
More Background Data
|On the Web|
Articles and resources
- Giffords for Congress, official campaign site.
Local blogs and discussion sites
- AZ Congress Watch
- Man Eegee - Latino Politico
- Daniel's News and Views
- Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion
- Western Democrat
- Blog for Arizona
- Jerry Skurnik, " Congressional Elections - Good for the Jews (and the Buddhists)," Room Eight, November 8, 2006.
Semantic data ()
|From the Sunlight Foundation API|
|Current Office: U.S. House of Representatives|
|Title:||First name:||Middle name:||Last name:|
00 District short:
|Currently in office?|
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|Entered manually within the Template:Politician|
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Ranking Member On:
Ranking Member On:
|First Elected to Current Office:
November 7, 2006
|First Took Current Office:
January 4, 2007
November 2, 2010
|Previous Political Work?
Arizona Senate, Arizona House, Switched from Republican to Democratic party
|Other Party Membership:|
Date of Birth: June 8, 1970
November 7, 2006