U.S. Senate votes on the Iraq War

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This page is part of Congresspedia’s coverage of Congress and the Iraq War
Iraq vote charts:
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Summary (how summaries work)

The following chart is a summary of votes taken in the U.S. Senate with regards to the Iraq War since it began in March 2003. Following a brief description of each vote is a link for "more info," which leads to in-depth Congresspedia coverage of the particular bill and its consideration in the Senate.



Contents

2002: Authorizing President Bush to use military force against Iraq

Bill or amendment Date Vote Result Description
Authorization for the Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 (Senate Joint Resolution 45/House Joint Resolution 114)
Vote on amendment (#4869) to S.J.RES.45
October 10, 2002 Failed
31-66
To set a one-year limit on the congressional authorization to use military force in Iraq. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#4856) to S.J.RES.45
October 10, 2002 Passed
75-25
To provide cloture for a resolution authorizing the president to use military force in order to defend the national security of the U.S. against Iraq. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#4868) to S.J.RES.45
October 10, 2002 Failed
14-86
To declare that the authorization to use force in Iraq reasserts Congress's power to declare war. Requiring the president to receive congressional authorization for any military action not related to an imminent threat. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#4862) to S.J.RES.45
October 10, 2002 Failed
24-75
To require the president to receive authorization from the United Nations before using military force in Iraq. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#4865) to S.J.RES.45
October 10, 2002 Failed
70-30
(60 needed)
Requiring the existence of an imminent threat prior to U.S. military deployment in Iraq. (More info at full article.)
Final vote on H.J.RES.114 October 11, 2002 Passed
77-23
Authorizes the president to use military force in order to defend the national security of the U.S. against Iraq. (More info at full article.)

2003-2004: Managing the war in Iraq

Bill/ amendment number and short title Date Vote Result Description
Supplemental Appropriations Act to Support Department of Defense Operations in Iraq for Fiscal Year 2003 (S.762)
Vote to table (kill) amendment (#445) to S.762
April 2, 2003 Passed To provide equipment to the National Guard and reserves on par with equipment afforded to full-time soldiers. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#455) to S.762
April 3, 2003 Passed To provide food assistance to Iraqi citizens. (more info at full article)
Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2004 (H.R.2658)
Vote on amendment (#1244) to H.R.2658
July 15, 2003 Passed To prevent part-time military personnel from being stationed in Iraq for extended periods of time. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#1264) to H.R.2658
July 16, 2003 Passed To require the president to submit to Congress a cost estimate of military operations in Iraq. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#1271) to H.R.2658
July 16, 2003 Passed To require the Defense Department to submit to Congress a cost estimate of military operations in Iraq. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#1273) to H.R.2658
July 16, 2003 Passed To require the president to submit to Congress a plan for Iraqi reconstruction efforts. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#1275) to H.R.2658
July 16, 2003 Passed To create an independent commission to investigate U.S. intelligence officials. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#1277) to H.R.2658
July 17, 2003 Passed To provide funds for military and foreign affairs operations in Iraq and Afghanistan (More info at full article.)
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Iraq and Afghanistan Security and Reconstruction Act, 2004 (S.1689)
Vote on Senate version of S.1689 October 17, 2003 Passed Supplemental appropriations bill for FY 2004. Providing funds for military and foreign affairs operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. (more info at full article)
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (S.2400)
Vote on amendment (#3472) to S.2400
June 23, 2004 Passed To require that the president submit an unclassified report to Congress on the stabilization and rebuilding of Iraq. (More info at full article.)
Vote on amendment (#3377) to S.2400
June 23, 2004 Failed To require the president to submit a public report to Congress on the strategy of U.S. and coalition forces in Iraq regarding stabilization and rebuilding. (More info at full article.)

2005-2006: Attempts to manage and end the war

Bill/ amendment Date Vote result Description
Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 (H.R.1268)
Vote on amendment (#464) to H.R.1268:
April 18, 2005 Passed Expressing the sense of the Senate that the Bush Administration should draft budgets for overseas military operations. (more info at full article)
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (S.2766)
Amendment (#4320)
June 22, 2006 Failed 39-60
(breakdown)
To state the sense of Congress that the U.S. ought to begin pulling troops out of Iraq in 2006. (More info at full article)

2007-2008: Attempts to manage and end the war

Bill/ amendment Date Vote result Description
To express the sense of Congress on Iraq (S.470) - One of a series of non-binding resolutions expressing the Senate's opinion on the "surge" of troops in Iraq.
Cloture vote to begin debate on S.470.
February 5, 2007 Failed 49-47
(60 needed)
(breakdown)
A vote to allow debate on a non-binding resolution opposing President Bush's planned "surge" in Iraq.

Specifically, it was a Cloture vote (to end debate and proceed) that would have allowed the Senate to debate and vote upon several resolutions expressing the Senate's opinion on the "surge" of troops in Iraq. Senate Republicans blocked the move after Democrats refused to require 60 votes for any of the resolutions to pass (a strategy favoring a Republican resolution backing the surge). (More info at full article)

To express the sense of Congress on Iraq (S.574)
Cloture vote.
February 17, 2007 Failed 56-34
(60 needed)
(breakdown)
To invoke Cloture (end debate) on a resolution expressing that the Senate disagrees with President Bush's decision to send over 20,000 additional U.S. combat troops to Iraq. (More info at full article)
A joint resolution to revise United States policy on Iraq (S.J.Res.9)
Cloture vote.
March 14, 2007 Passed 89-9
(60 needed)
(breakdown)
To invoke Cloture (end debate) on an amendment to allow a vote on a bill which would require that U.S. troops begin redeploying from Iraq within 120 days and recommend that all be withdrawn by March 31, 2008. (More info at full article)
Final vote
March 15, 2007 Failed 48-50
(60 needed)
breakdown)
To require that U.S. troops begin redeploying from Iraq within 120 days and recommend that all be withdrawn by March 31, 2008. (More info at full article)
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Health, and Iraq Accountability Act, 2007 (H.R.1591)
An amendment (#643) to H.R. 1591
March 27, 2007 Failed 48-50 (breakdown) To remove from the bill a requirement that U.S. troops begin withdrawing from Iraq in summer 2007 with a non-binding goal of complete withdrawal by March 2008 (with troops remaining to fight Al Qaeda and train Iraqis). (More info at full article)
Final vote on Senate version.
March 29, 2007 Passed 51-47
(breakdown)
To provide $122 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan with the requirement that U.S. troops begin withdrawing by summer 2007 with a non-binding goal of complete withdrawal by March 2008 (with troops remaining to fight Al Qaeda and train Iraqis). (More info at full article)
Final vote on conference report.
April 26, 2007 Passed 51-46
(breakdown)
To provide $124 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan with the requirement that U.S. troops begin withdrawing by summer 2007 with a non-binding goal of complete withdrawal by March 2008 (with troops remaining to fight Al Qaeda and train Iraqis). (More info at full article)
Water Resources Development Act of 2007 (H.R.1495)
To close debate and vote on an amendment (#1098) by Sen. Russ Feingold to H.R.1495
May 16, 2007 Failed 29-67
(60 required)
(breakdown)
To require the president to begin redeploying troops from Iraq and that all (with limited exceptions) be redeployed by March 2008. (More info at full article.)
To close debate and vote on an amendment (#1134) by Sen. John Warner to H.R. 1495
May 16, 2007 Failed 52-44
(60 required)
(breakdown)
To require the president to make reports on the progress of the Iraqi government to meeting the Iraq benchmarks, cut off economic aid if progress was not being made (though the president could waive this provision) and require the withdrawal of U.S. forces if requested by the Iraqi government. (More info at full article.)
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (H.R.2206)
Final vote
May 24, 2007 Passed 80-14
(breakdown)
To provide funding for the Iraq War with non-binding benchmarks for Iraq progress included. (More info at full article.)
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (H.R. 1585)
Amendment (#2012) to an amendment (#2011) to H.R.1585.
July 11, 2007 Failed 56-41
(60 needed)
(breakdown)
To invoke Cloture (end debate) on an amendment to limit deployments of U.S. troops in Iraq. (More info at full article)
Amendment (#2032) to an amendment (#2011) to H.R.1585.
July 11, 2007 Failed 52-45
(60 needed)
(breakdown)
To invoke Cloture (end debate) on an amendment to limit deployments of U.S. troops in Iraq. (More info at full article)
Amendment (#2087) to an amendment (#2011) to H.R.1585.
July 18, 2007 Failed 52-47
(60 needed)
(breakdown)
To invoke Cloture (end debate) on an amendment to require U.S. to begin withdrawing troops from Iraq within 120 days and recommend only a "limited" number be there by Apr. 1, 2007. (More info at full article)
An amendment (#2909) to H.R.1585.
July 18, 2007 Failed 56-44
(60 needed)
(breakdown)
To invoke Cloture (end debate) on an amendment to require U.S. to begin withdrawing troops from Iraq within 120 days and recommend only a "limited" number be there by Apr. 1, 2007. (More info at full article)
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