H.R.3458 - Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2009
To amend the Communications Act of 1934 to establish a national broadband policy, safeguard consumer rights, spur investment and innovation, and for related purposes.
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
(2) The Internet is an essential infrastructure that is comparable to roads and electricity in its support for a diverse array of economic, social, and political activity.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) As the Nation becomes more reliant upon such Internet technologies and services, unfettered access to the Internet to offer, access, and utilize content, services, and applications is vital.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) The global leadership in high technology that the United States provides today stems directly from historic policies that embraced competition and openness and that have ensured that telecommunications networks are open to all lawful uses by all users.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) The Internet was enabled by those historic policies and provides an open architecture medium for worldwide communications, providing a low barrier to entry for Internet-based content, applications, and services.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(7) Due to legal and marketplace changes, these features of the Internet are no longer certain, and erosion of these historic policies permits telecommunications network operators to control who can and who cannot offer content, services, and applications over the Internet utilizing such networks.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(8) The national economy would be severely harmed if the ability of Internet content, service, and application providers to reach consumers was frustrated by interference from broadband telecommunications network operators.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(9) The overwhelming majority of residential consumers subscribe to Internet access service from 1 of only 2 wireline providers: the cable operator or the telephone company.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(11) A network neutrality policy based upon the principle of nondiscrimination and consistent with the history of the Internet’s development is essential to ensure that Internet services remain open to all consumers, entrepreneurs, innovators, and providers of lawful content, services, and applications.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(12) A network neutrality policy is also essential to give certainty to small businesses, leading global companies, investors, and others who rely upon the Internet for commercial reasons.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(13) A network neutrality policy can also permit Internet service providers to take action to protect network reliability, prevent unwanted electronic mail, and thwart illegal uses in the same way that telecommunications network operators have historically done consistent with the overarching principle of non-discrimination.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(14) Because of the essential role of Internet services to the economic growth of the United States, to meet other national priorities, and to our right to free speech under the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, the United States should adopt a clear policy preserving the open nature of Internet communications and networks.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SEC. 3. INTERNET FREEDOM.
‘SEC. 12. INTERNET FREEDOM.
‘(2) to preserve and promote the open and interconnected nature of broadband networks and to enable consumers to connect to such networks their choice of lawful devices, as long as such devices do not harm the network;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(5) to ensure the ability to use or offer lawful broadband content, applications, and services for lawful purposes, as has been the policy and history of the Internet and the basis of user expectations since its inception;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(6) to guard against discriminatory favoritism for, or degradation of, lawful content, applications, or services by network operators based upon their source, ownership, or destination on the Internet;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(8) to foster an evolving level of capacity available throughout communications networks to support competition and innovation for lawful Internet content, applications, and services, including applications and services that require substantial downstream and upstream bandwidth; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(9) to ensure that the Internet remains an indispensable platform for innovation in the United States economy, thereby enabling the Nation to provide global leadership in online commerce and technological progress.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(b) Duties of Internet Access Service Providers- With respect to any Internet access service offered to the public, each Internet access service provider shall have the duty to--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) not block, interfere with, discriminate against, impair, or degrade the ability of any person to use an Internet access service to access, use, send, post, receive, or offer any lawful content, application, or service through the Internet;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) not impose a charge on any Internet content, service, or application provider to enable any lawful Internet content, application, or service to be offered, provided, or used through the provider’s service, beyond the end user charges associated with providing the service to such provider;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(3) not prevent or obstruct a user from attaching any lawful device to or utilizing any such device in conjunction with such service, provided such device does not harm the provider’s network;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(5) not provide or sell to any content, application, or service provider, including any affiliate provider or joint venture, any offering that prioritizes traffic over that of other such providers on an Internet access service; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(c) Commission Action- Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of the Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2009, the Commission shall promulgate rules to ensure that providers of Internet access service--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) disclose meaningful information to consumers about a provider’s Internet access service in a clear, uniform, and conspicuous manner and in conformity with the duties described in subsection (e);CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(3) generally, to the extent feasible, make available sufficient network capacity to users to enable the provision, availability, and use of an Internet access service to support lawful content, applications, and services that require high bandwidth communications to and from an end user; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(d) Reasonable Network Management- Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit an Internet access provider from engaging in reasonable network management consistent with the policies and duties of nondiscrimination and openness set forth in this Act. For purposes of subsections (b)(1) and (b)(5), a network management practice is a reasonable practice only if it furthers a critically important interest, is narrowly tailored to further that interest, and is the means of furthering that interest that is the least restrictive, least discriminatory, and least constricting of consumer choice available. In determining whether a network management practice is reasonable, the Commission shall consider, among other factors, the particular network architecture or technology limitations of the provider.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(e) Transparency for Consumers- With respect to any Internet access service or private transmission capacity offered to the public, each Internet access service provider shall provide to consumers and make publicly available detailed information about such services, including information about the speed, nature, and limitations of such services. Each Internet access service provider must publicly disclose, at a minimum, network management practices that affect communications between a user and a content, application, or service provider in the ordinary, routine use of such broadband service.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(f) Stand-Alone Internet Access Service- Within 180 days after the date of enactment of the Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2009, the Commission shall promulgate rules to ensure that an Internet access service provider does not require a consumer, as a condition on the purchase of any Internet access service offered by such provider, to purchase any other service or offering. The Commission shall adopt any other rules it determines necessary to make such requirement effective and meaningful for consumers.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(g) Other Services- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Internet Freedom Preservation Act of 2009, the Commission shall complete all actions necessary to--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) ensure that such evolving level of service provided to end users is capable of supporting lawful content, applications, and services and provides ample bandwidth for such traffic to and from an end user;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(3) promote both facilities-based and nonfacilities-based competition to enable information service providers to have marketplace choices for transmission capacity to reach end users;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(6) ensure that private transmission capacity services do not undermine the purposes of this Act and do not diminish or degrade the level of Internet access service offered to the public by the same provider; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) establish enforcement and expedited adjudicatory review procedures consistent with the objectives of this section, including the resolution of any complaint described in paragraph (1) not later than 90 days after such complaint was filed, except for good cause shown;CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(A) no forfeiture liability shall be determined under section 503(b) against any person unless such person receives the notice required by section 503(b)(3) or section 503(b)(4); andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(j) Illegal Conduct- Nothing in this Act shall be construed or interpreted to affect any law or regulation addressing prohibited or unlawful activity, including any laws or regulations prohibiting theft of content.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(1) INTERNET ACCESS SERVICE- The term ‘Internet access service’ means a 2-way transmission offered by an Internet access service provider that transmits information between 2 or more points and that has as its primary, but not exclusive, purpose the enabling of data to be sent or received from the Internet.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(2) INTERNET ACCESS SERVICE PROVIDER- The term ‘Internet access service provider’ means a person or entity that operates or resells and controls any facility used to provide an Internet access service directly to the public, whether provided for a fee or for free, and whether provided via wire or radio, except when such service is offered as an incidental component of a noncommunications contractual relationship.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
‘(3) USER- The term ‘user’ means any residential or business subscriber who, by way of an Internet access service, takes and utilizes Internet access services, whether provided for a fee, in exchange for an explicit benefit, or for free.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink