S.1645 - Mobile Workforce State Income Tax Simplification Act of 2013
A bill to limit the authority of States to tax certain income of employees for employment duties performed in other States.
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Mr. BROWN (for himself, Mr. THUNE, Mr. MENENDEZ, Mr. PORTMAN, Mr. JOHNSON of South Dakota, Mr. BLUNT, and Ms. COLLINS) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on FinanceCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
SEC. 2. LIMITATIONS ON STATE WITHHOLDING AND TAXATION OF EMPLOYEE INCOME.
(a) In General- No part of the wages or other remuneration earned by an employee who performs employment duties in more than one State shall be subject to income tax in any State other than--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) the State within which the employee is present and performing employment duties for more than 30 days during the calendar year in which the wages or other remuneration is earned.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(b) Wages or Other Remuneration- Wages or other remuneration earned in any calendar year shall not be subject to State income tax withholding and reporting requirements unless the employee is subject to income tax in such State under subsection (a). Income tax withholding and reporting requirements under subsection (a)(2) shall apply to wages or other remuneration earned as of the commencement date of employment duties in the State during the calendar year.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(1) an employer may rely on an employee’s annual determination of the time expected to be spent by such employee in the States in which the employee will perform duties absent--CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) except as provided in paragraph (3), if records are maintained by an employer in the regular course of business that record the location of an employee, such records shall not preclude an employer’s ability to rely on an employee’s determination under paragraph (1); andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) notwithstanding paragraph (2), if an employer, at its sole discretion, maintains a time and attendance system that tracks where the employee performs duties on a daily basis, data from the time and attendance system shall be used instead of the employee’s determination under paragraph (1).CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), an employee is considered present and performing employment duties within a State for a day if the employee performs more of the employee’s employment duties within such State than in any other State during a day.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) If an employee performs employment duties in a resident State and in only one nonresident State during one day, such employee shall be considered to have performed more of the employee’s employment duties in the nonresident State than in the resident State for such day.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the portion of the day during which the employee is in transit shall not be considered in determining the location of an employee’s performance of employment duties.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(2) EMPLOYEE- The term ‘employee’ has the same meaning given to it by the State in which the employment duties are performed, except that the term ‘employee’ shall not include a professional athlete, professional entertainer, or certain public figures.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(3) PROFESSIONAL ATHLETE- The term ‘professional athlete’ means a person who performs services in a professional athletic event, provided that the wages or other remuneration are paid to such person for performing services in his or her capacity as a professional athlete.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(4) PROFESSIONAL ENTERTAINER- The term ‘professional entertainer’ means a person who performs services in the professional performing arts for wages or other remuneration on a per-event basis, provided that the wages or other remuneration are paid to such person for performing services in his or her capacity as a professional entertainer.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(5) CERTAIN PUBLIC FIGURES- The term ‘certain public figures’ means persons of prominence who perform services for wages or other remuneration on a per-event basis, provided that the wages or other remuneration are paid to such person for services provided at a discrete event, in the nature of a speech, public appearance, or similar event.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(6) EMPLOYER- The term ‘employer’ has the meaning given such term in section 3401(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (
(A) the employee is required on a contemporaneous basis to record his work location for every day worked outside of the State in which the employee’s employment duties are primarily performed; andCommentsClose CommentsPermalink
(B) the system is designed to allow the employer to allocate the employee’s wages for income tax purposes among all States in which the employee performs employment duties for such employer.CommentsClose CommentsPermalink