Wayne Gilchrest

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This is a profile of a U.S. Representative who, due to election loss or retirement, will not return for the 111th Congress. (See the Maryland portal for all incumbents, candidates and blogs.)
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Wayne Gilchrest is a former member of Congress

Wayne Thomas Gilchrest, a Republican, represented the 1st district of Maryland in the U.S. House of Representatives between 1991-2009. He lost a primary race to Andy Harris in 2008, and later endorsed Harris's opponent, Frank Kratovil (D) in the general election.


Record and controversies

Congressional scorecards

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Organization 2007 Scorecard
Score - Agree ratio
2008 Scorecard
Score - Agree ratio
American Civil Liberties Union not avail. not avail.
American Conservative Union not avail. not avail.
AFSCME not avail. not avail.
Americans for Democratic Action not avail. not avail.
Club for Growth not avail. not avail.
Drum Major Institute not avail. not avail.
Family Research Council not avail. not avail.
Information Technology Industry Council not avail. not avail.
League of Conservation Voters not avail. not avail.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People not avail. not avail.
U.S. Chamber of Commerce not avail. not avail.

Iraq War

Gilchrest voted for the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 that started the Iraq War.[1]

Rep. Gilchrest was one of only two Republicans in the House to vote for the U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Health, and Iraq Accountability Act, 2007 (H.R.1591), the Iraq supplemental spending bill, which included a timetable for troop withdrawal from Iraq. The measure passed both the House and Senate, but was vetoed by the President.

Main article: U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Health, and Iraq Accountability Act, 2007 (H.R.1591)

Following the veto, when the House considered a short-term Iraq funding bill without timetables, Jones again was one of only two Republicans to vote in favor on of the measure. It passed the House on May 10 by a vote of 221-205. It was later passed by the Senate and signed by the President.

Main article: U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (H.R.2206)
For more information see the chart of U.S. House of Representatives votes on the Iraq War.

Environmental record

For more information on environmental legislation, see the Energy and Environment Policy Portal


Voting Record on Immigration
Bill or Amendment Date Vote Description
H.AMDT.1045 to H.R. 5818 May 8, 2008 Yes To clarify that illegal and undocumented immigrants are ineligible for financial assistance. See more here
Consolidated Natural Resources Act of 2008 (S. 2739) April 29, 2008 Yes To apply federal immigration laws to the Northern Mariana Islands, to provide the Northern Mariana Islands a delegate in the House, to create heritage areas, and to establish wilderness preservation. See more here
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations (H.R. 2638) June 15, 2007 Yes To allocate $40.19 billion to the Department of Homeland Security for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008. See more here
Immigration Law Enforcement Act of 2006 (H.R. 6095) September 21, 2006 Yes To allow state and local officials inherent authority to assist in the enforcement of immigration laws, to provide for effective prosecution of alien smugglers, and to reform immigration litigation procedures. See more here
Secure Fence Act of 2006 (H.R. 6061) September 14, 2006 Yes To authorize the construction of an additional 700 miles of double-layered fencing between the U.S and Mexico and to grant the Secretary of Homeland Security authority to take necessary measures to stop illegal entry of immigrants into the U.S. See more here
REAL ID Act of 2005 (H.R. 418) February 10, 2005 Yes To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act and to grant the Secretary of Homeland Security the power to set minimal security standards for state driver licenses and identification cards. See more here


Gilchrest was born in Rahway, New Jersey on April 15, 1946. After graduating high school in 1964, he joined the U.S. Marine Corps. His tour of duty saw action during the invasion of the Dominican Republic, and ultimately the Vietnam War. He earned the rank of Sergeant in Vietnam where, as a platoon leader, he was wounded in the chest. Wayne was decorated with the Purple Heart, Bronze Star, and Navy Commendation Medal. Today he is a member of the American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, and Military Order of the Purple Heart.

In 1969, he studied liberal arts at Wesley College in Dover, Delaware, where he received an associate degree. He then spent a semester in Kentucky studying rural poverty in Appalachia. He went on to receive a bachelor's degree in history from Delaware State College in 1973. Since then, he has done some work towards a master's degree at Loyola College in Baltimore, Maryland.

Congressional career

Gilchrest was elected to the first Congressional district of Maryland in 1991.

According to his House biography, "During his tenure in Congress, Wayne Gilchrest has emerged as a strong voice for fiscal responsibility and environmental protection. His consistent support for reducing federal spending and eliminating the deficit has won him accolades from many taxpayer watchdog groups since his first term in 1991. He also has dedicated his attention to protecting and preserving the delicate environment of the Chesapeake Bay region, and to enhance and encourage economic development within the 1st District of Maryland to improve the quality of life." [1]

2006 elections

In 2006, the Democrats nominated Jim Corwin to face Gilchrest in his November 2006 bid for reelection. (See U.S. congressional elections in 2006) [2] Gilchrest retained his seat.

2008 elections

After nine terms in office, the incumbent Gilchrest lost the Republican primary to state Senator Andy Harris on February 12, 2008.[2] Gilchrest and fellow Maryland congressman Albert Wynn are the first two incumbents of the 2008 election season to lose their seats in a primary. [3]

Money in politics

This section contains links to – and feeds from – money in politics databases. For specific controversies, see this article's record and controversies section.

Campaign contribution data could not be found.

Links to more campaign contribution information for Wayne Gilchrest
from the Center for Responsive Politics' OpenSecrets.org site.
Fundraising profile: 2008 election cycle Career totals
Top contributors by organization/corporation: 2008 election cycle Career totals
Top contributors by industry: 2008 election cycle Career totals

Committees and Affiliations


Committee assignments in the 109th Congress (2005-2006)

Coalitions and Caucuses

Boards and other Affiliations

  • American Legion
  • Veterans of Foreign Wars
  • Military Order of the Purple Heart.

More Background Data

Wikipedia also has an article on Wayne Gilchrest. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.


DC Office:
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Phone: 202-225-5311
Fax: 202-225-0254
Web Email

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Phone: 410-376-3052
Fax: 410-749-8458

Articles and resources


See also

Local blogs and discussion sites


Semantic data (Edit data)